2nd Exam-New Questions
Haiti’s independence and made himself emperor.
Argentina’s independence and made himself emperor.
Brazil’s independence and made himself emperor.
[Genocide is the] criminal intent to destroy or to cripple permanently a human group. The acts are directed against groups as such, and individuals are selected for destruction only because they belong to these groups.
What is most significant about this quote by Raphael Lemkin?
(Raphael Lemkin was the first person to use the word “genocide.”)
Raphael Lemkin spoke these words on his death bed.
Raphael Lemkin spoke these words to the United Nations in 1945.
-Raphael Lemkin coined the word “genocide” before the world knew the horrors of Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Bergen-Belsen and Dachau.
-Lemkin identified Hitler’s abominable intention, and labelled it “genocide”, a hybrid word consisting of the Greek prefix genos, meaning race, and the Latin suffix cide, meaning killing.
The Europeans’ labor-intensive crops required laborers that already understood how to work with coffee and sugar.
Disease had decimated the American Indian population, and the Caribbean plantations required more workers to perform hard labor.
Disease had physically weakened the American Indian workers, and the Caribbean plantations required stronger laborers.
(rebuilding the German military.)
joining German forces with Italy.
making a pact with China.
“An iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe . . . all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and, in many cases, increasing measure of control from Moscow [the Soviet capital].”
March 5, 1946
Which of the following most accurately restates what Churchill was saying?
(The Soviet Union has taken control of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.)
People who live in cities in Central and Eastern Europe have begun to use iron curtains.
The United States should invade Central and Eastern Europe to stop the spread of communism
(a connection between countries to improve business and trading)
X a dependence of one country on another for economic reasons
a development of markets for goods and services in different countries
He became the first president of Turkey.
He helped found the Muslim Brotherhood.
(He declared Iran to be an Islamic republic.)
(the meaning of life.)
to learn how to follow the rules of society.
to be punished for believing in communism.
(to learn to become good Communists.)
developing the scientific method.
(improving the telescope.)
inventing the astrolabe.
a large number of people.
private business groups.
Everyone had to serve in the military.
(The aim of each side was to destroy the other side completely.)
The war efforts needed the participation of as many people as possible.
to inspire the population to rebel against the government
(to force the Japanese government to negotiate for peace)
to cause as much damage as possible
(improving education in rural areas)
(implementing new welfare reforms)
(redistributing land to the peasants)
This is correct; got answers from notes
It signed a peace treaty with the Soviet Union.
It insisted that East and West Germany be united.
(It organized an airlift to send supplies to West Berlin.)
Ayatollah Khomeini became the ruler of Iran.
(A young man tragically killed himself in Tunisia.)
The six states of the Arabian peninsula united.
(Social reform is necessary to ensure that people support a government.)
The monarchy can play a significant role in a well-organized government.
People whose rights aren’t protected by their government will emigrate.
Rulers then act as the ministers of God and as his lieutenants on earth. It is through them that God exercises his empire. . . . Consequently, as we have seen, the royal throne is not the throne of a man, but the throne of God himself.
Who would most likely have disagreed with the bishop’s point of view?
a bishop who was not a member of the royal court
a member of the British Parliament
an absolute monarch from Spain or Russia
a leader who freed Italy from Austria
X the leader of the group Young Italy
(a nationalist leader of southern Italy)
admitted to crimes the secret police saw them commit.
X received no punishment because the trials were not real.
faced torture if they lied while a judge questioned them.
She’s the first chancellor from West Germany.
Correct Answer: (She’s the first woman to become the chancellor of Germany.)
She’s made the German economy one of the weakest in Europe.
Notes: Next we have Angela Merkel, who was the first female chancellor of Germany.
the end of World War II
the Salt March
(he implemented certain enlightenment ideals.)
X the Pope blessed him as an enlightened monarch.
in comparison to his predecessor, he was enlightened.
celebrated the Jewish holy days.
(had Jewish ancestors.)
X had traveled to Palestine.
“An ignoble [not noble] war has been declared to a weak country. The indignation [outrage] in Russia shared fully by me is enormous. I foresee that very soon I shall be overwhelmed by the pressure forced upon me and be forced to take extreme measures which will lead to war. To try and avoid such a calamity as a European war I beg you in the name of our old friendship to do what you can to stop your allies from going too far.”
– Telegram from Tsar Nicholas II to German Kaiser Wilhelm II, 1914
Which of the following best describes the tsar’s message?
(He believes that warfare is immoral.)
He complains about the pressures he is facing from Britain for war.
He fears Russia will be forced into war by forces outside his control.
to defend a king’s right to an annulment
to support the practices of the Catholic Church
(to explain the Reformation and Protestant beliefs)
found in notes
The Sudan government sponsored deportations of non-Arabs in Darfur.
The Sudan government sponsored the destruction of farms in Darfur.
(The Sudan government sponsored the killing of non-Arabs in Darfur.)
increase Arab residents in Palestine.
(establish a Jewish homeland.)
fight against anti-Semitism.
(deliberately crashed it into an enemy ship.)
tried to escape from a battle without his comrades’ knowledge.
deliberately crashed it into the empty ocean.
(economic and employment issues)
social and environmental issues
outsourcing of jobs to nearby areas
(Russian soldiers fired on a group of peaceful protestors.)
Russian citizens rioted in the streets to oppose the tsar.
Russian soldiers participated in a fierce battle in World War I.
descended into civil war.
elected a socialist president.
created a new constitution.
Many people scrambled to buy stocks on margin.
People wanted to buy stocks, but there were none left to buy.
Brokers remained confident that prices would rise again.
to spread the teachings of the Reformation
(to restore Catholic rule in England)
to make his son the king of England
He was the first president elected by the legislature.
He was the first president appointed by the military.
He was the first president appointed by the judiciary.
by making the German people pay for the war
by assigning Germany total responsibility for the war
(by creating resentment and anger among the German people)
(have a common language and religion.)
wish to separate into their own country.
have their own government and laws.
to celebrate the leader of the Bolsheviks now in power.
to honor a fallen soldier who had fought valiantly during the civil war.
to recognize a general who led the Red Army in a three-year conflict.
South African society became desegregated.
(Black South Africans had no representation.)
The settlers created a democratic republic.
(marry and stay at home to take care of the home and the children while their husbands worked.)
marry, have children, and manage the help that took care of the home and children while their husbands worked.
work alongside their husbands while someone else took care of the home and the children to make enough to survive.
(Civilian rule was abolished for good.)
Nkrumah became stronger than ever.
Government instability increased.
(met with violence by the government.)
an isolated incident that had little effect.
an example of a move to armed rebellion.
responsive to public opinion
determined to protect personal rights
+shortage of consumer goods
waste and inefficiency
setbacks to modernization
use of enslaved laborers
(maintain a balance of power.)
put a conscription system in place.
end the spirit of militarism.
Japan wanted to take back lands that belonged to it.
(Japan wanted raw materials and natural resources.)
Manchuria had invaded Japan during World War I.