ABC Book Of U.S History Terms

abolitionist
A person who works to end slavery
bill of rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
constitution
a written plan of government
We will write a custom essay sample on
ABC Book Of U.S History Terms
or any similar topic only for you
Order now
daughters of liberty
This orginization supported the boycott of British goods. They urged Americans to wear homemade fabrics and produce other goods that were previously available only from Britain. They believed that way, the American colonies would become economically independent.
eighth amendment
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
fifteenth amendment
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
gadsen purchase
strip of land in present day Arizona and New Mexico for which the United States paid Mexico $10 million in 1853.
house of representatives
the lower legislative house of the United States Congress
imports
goods brought into a country
judicial
relating to the administration of justice or the function of a judge
kansas nebraska act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
louisiana purchase
The U.S., under Jefferson, bought the Louisiana territory from France, under the rule of Napoleon, in 1803. The U.S. paid $15 million for the Louisiana Purchase, and Napoleon gave up his empire in North America. The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size.
magna carta
This document, signed by King John of Endland in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights
navigation acts
Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries.
oregon trail
pioneer trail that began in missouri and crossed the great plains into the oregon country
patent
a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention
quakers
religious group who settled Pennsylvania – very tolerant and nonviolent
railroads
Networks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. First railroads were built in England in the 1830s. Success caused a railroad building boom lasting into the 20th Century (704)
sixth amendment
the constitutional amendment designed to protect individuals accused of crimes. It includes the right to counsel, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a speedy and public trial.
trail of tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
underground railroad
abolitionists secret aid to escaping slaves
veto
the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
war of 1812
a war (1812-1814) between the United States and England which was trying to interfere with American trade with France
xyz affair
An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called “X,Y, and Z” that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.
yorktown battle
sept 28- oct 18 1781 French were commanded by Rombecheau
English were commanded by Cornwallis
Americans were commanded by G Wash
British had 500 casulties
French had 200
american had 80
the french navy played a vital role in this battle b/c cornwallis couldnt get away on boat so was forced into a surrender last major battle of the revolution
john zenger
Journalist who questioned the policies of the governor of New York in the 1700’s. He was jailed; he sued, and this court case was the basis for our freedom of speech and press. He was found not guilty.

Custom writing services

×

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out