Abortion

Abortion

Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus, resulting in or caused by its death. [1] An abortion can occur spontaneously due tocomplications during pregnancy or can be induced, in humans and other species. In the context of human pregnancies, an abortion induced to preserve the health of the gravida (pregnant female) is termed a therapeutic abortion, while an abortion induced for any other reason is termed an elective abortion. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy, while spontaneous abortions are usually termed miscarriages.

Worldwide 42 million abortions are estimated to take place annually with 22 million of these occurring safely and 20 million unsafely. [2] While maternal mortality seldom results from safe abortions, unsafe abortions result in 70,000 deaths and 5 million disabilities per year. [2] One of the main determinants of the availability of safe abortions is the legality of the procedure. Forty percent of the world’s women are able to access therapeutic and elective abortions within gestational limits. [3]

The frequency of abortions is similar whether or not access is restricted. 2][3] Abortion has a long history and has been induced by various methods including herbal abortifacients, the use of sharpened tools, physical trauma, and other traditional methods. Contemporary medicine utilizes medications and surgical procedures to induce abortion. The legality, prevalence, cultural, and religious views on abortion vary substantially around the world. In many parts of the world there is prominent and divisive public controversy over the ethical and legal issues of abortion.

Abortion and abortion-related issues feature prominently in the national politics in many nations, often involving the opposing pro-life and pro-choice worldwide social movements (both self-named). Incidence of abortion has declined worldwide, as access to family planning education and contraceptive services has increased Causes of Abortion: The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Abortion. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

•Spontaneous •Uterine anatomy •Luteal phase defect •Fetal genetic anomalies •Incompetent cervix Infections •Antifetal antibodies •Alloimmune disease •Radiation •Intrauterine contraceptive device •Smoking •Alcohol ingestion (see Alcohol use) •Heavy caffeine consumption •Antiphospholipid antibodies Effects Of Abortion When the subject of abortion arises, the question that is always in everyone’s mind is that is it really necessary. After all, if killing of life is murder then abortion should also be considered as murder. In cases like rape, or when the doctor finds out that the child is severely disabled or HIV infected then abortion can be a solution, but the bets are still out on it.

Abortion is an issue that has significant emotional and religious dimensions not to mention the physical dangers involved. While both its supporters and opposers are at loggerheads with each other due to the morality of the issue involved, the effect that abortion has on the mother is not given due consideration. That is why, while many women know the ethical concern involved in abortion, most have only a vague idea of the physical and emotional risks that the women undergoes during abortion.

To treat abortion as a simple medical procedure is naive, even if abortion pills are used. The effects are life changing, and sometimes the scars can stay for life. The physical risks are even more harmful. There are many instances of abortions not being performed properly, leading to disability, and sometimes death. The best way to avoid this is to get familiarized with all the side effects involved, so that there are better chances of addressing them. Read below to know more on the side effects of abortion.