Accouting Practice Exam

FACULTY OF BUSINESS ACC100 ACCOUNTING 1 Sample examination TIME: 9. 20 – 12. 30 Hours WRITING TIME: Three (3) hours READING TIME: Ten (10) minutes MATERIALS SUPPLIED BY UNIVERSITY: Answer Booklets (4 x 6 page) General Purpose Answer Sheet GPAS-200R MATERIALS PERMITTED IN EXAMINATION: Writing implements, including a 2B pencil and an eraser Battery operated, hand held, no print facility calculator NUMBER OF QUESTIONS: Part A: Thirty Part B: Four (30) multiple choice (4) questions

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES: 1. Enter your name and student number and sign in the space provided at the bottom of this page. You must also enter your name and number in pencil on the multiple choice answer sheet, and upon the answer booklet. This examination consists of THIRTY (30) multiple choice questions in Part A and FOUR (4) questions in Part B. ALL questions must be answered. Part A (Multiple choice): Students must answer questions 1 – 30 on the answer sheet provided.

Use a black lead pencil No 2 to fill in completely the letter box corresponding to the most correct answer. To change your answer, erase completely and remark. There are no marks deducted for incorrect answers. Candidates are advised to show all workings in Part B clearly labelling them as such. This examination is worth 60% of the final assessment. Students must pass the final exam to pass the subject. INSTRUCTIONS TO INVIGILATORS: 1 QUESTION PAPER MUST NOT BE RETAINED BY THE CANDIDATE. 2. 3.

STUDENT NAME: ____________________________________ STUDENT No: _________________ STUDENT SIGNATURE: _____________________________________________________________ MULTIPLE CHOICE (1 mark each) Record your answers in pencil on the General Purpose Answer Sheet provided. 1 Purchasing inventory for cash has the following dual effect on the accounting equation: A B C D 2 increases an asset and increases a liability increases an asset and increases another asset decreases an asset and increases owner’s equity decreases an asset and increases an asset

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Purchasing office furniture partly for cash and partly on credit affects the accounting equation by: A B C D increasing an asset, increasing a liability and a decreasing an asset increasing an asset, decreasing a liability and decreasing an asset decreasing an asset, increasing a liability and increasing owner’s equity decreasing an asset, decreasing a liability and decreasing owner’s equity 3

All of the following equations of the basic accounting equation are correct except: A B C D assets = liabilities + owner’s equity economic resources = claims on economic resources assets – liabilities = owner’s equity assets + owner’s equity = liabilities 4 A business had assets of $260,000 and liabilities of $75,000. How much is its owner’s equity? A B C D $0 $185,000 $335,000 $260,000 5 The business document that reports assets, liabilities and owner’s equity is called the: A B C D financial statement transaction statement of financial position (balance sheet) statement of financial performance (profit and loss statement) 6 Terri operates a beauty salon. During the first month of operation Terri performed the following transactions: i ii iii iv v vi invested $2,000 in the business prepaid rent of $1000 purchased $1,500 of furniture on credit purchased $100 of supplies for cash paid $300 on the furniture purchased in iii purchased an antique mirror for $1,000, paying cash of $500 and putting $500 on credit. Using the accounting equation, the final balance on both sides is: A B C D 7 3,900 3,700 4,300 4,400

Use the following information to calculate the balance in John’s Capital account. Balance of accounts for John’s Cleaning on 31 March Accounts Payable Accounts Receivable Cash at bank Equipment Supplies Bill Payable John, Capital A B C D $20,000 $17,500 $18,000 $15,000 $ 1,000 $ 1,500 $ 500 $20,000 $ 1,000 $ 4,000 ? 8 Under the cash basis of accounting: A B C D Net profit is the excess of cash inflows from revenue over cash outflows for expenses Revenue is recognized when goods are sold Expenses are recognized when costs are consumed B and C 3 Judy’s Hairdressing Salon uses cash accounting. During 2005 the salon reported $41,000 in wages paid on the income statement. At year-end 2005 wages owing but unpaid were $2,400. If the salon changed to accrual accounting, how much would be reported as wages expense for 2005? A B C D $38,600 $41,000 $43,400 $42,600 10 Which of the following statements concerning accrual accounting is true? A B C D Net profit is the excess of cash inflows from revenue over cash outflows for expenses Revenue is recognised when earned and expenses when incurred.

When there are credit transactions the accrual approach gives a better measure of economic performance than the cash approach B and C 11 Joe uses cleaning supplies on a daily basis. Under the accrual basis of accounting these supplies should be an expense of the period in which they are: A B C D Ordered Received Paid for Used 12 Prepaid insurance is reported as: A B C D An asset in the balance sheet A liability in the balance sheet An expense in the income statement B and C 13 Which of the following could be reported as a prepaid expense?

A B C D A maintenance agreement paid in advance for the next two years Wages owing at the end of the period Rent collected in advance from tenants Interest income unpaid at the end of the period 14 According to an inventory count Cally Printing had office supplies amounting to $100 at year-end. It had $50 of supplies at the start of the year and had purchased $600 of supplies during the year. What was the supplies expense for the year? A B C D $650 $600 $550 $500 4 15 Which of the following statements relating to the Accumulated Depreciation account is correct? A B C D It normally is a balance on the left hand side of a T-account.

It reflects the portion of the cost of an asset that has been assigned to expense since the item was purchased It provides information to users on the market value of assets It is classified as a liability in the balance sheet The following data relates to questions 16 to 18. Pam’s Machine Hire purchased a machine for $6,300 on 1 July 2008. The machine had an estimated life of 7 years, at which time it was expected to have a sales value of $700. The straight-line method of depreciation was used. 16 What was the amount of depreciation charged as an expense on the machine by Pam’s Machine Hire for year ended 30 June 2009?

A B C D 17 $771 $800 $900 $1,600 What was the balance of the Accumulated Depreciation – Machine account in the books of Pam’s Machine Hire at 30 June 2009 following the adjusting entry? A B C D $800 $1,600 $2,400 $2,700 18 What was the book value of the machine in the books of Pam’s Machine Hire at 30 June 2009 following the adjusting entry? A B C D $5,600 $3,900 $5,400 $5,500 5 19 Tom purchased two vehicles for his business on 1 January 2009. These vehicles cost $50,000 each and have a useful life of 5 years with an expected residual of $20,000 each.

The adjusting entry required for depreciation on the two vehicles on 30 June 2005 is: A B C D Increase Accumulated Depreciation $6,000; Increase Depreciation Expense $6,000 Increase Depreciation Expense $12,000; Decrease Accumulated Depreciation $12,000 Increase Accumulated Depreciation $12,000; Decrease Depreciation Expense $12,000 Increase Depreciation Expense $6,000; Decrease Accumulated Depreciation $6,000 20 Unearned revenue is an example of a(n): A B C D Accrual Liability Asset Expense 21 Rent collected from a tenant in advance is considered: A B C D Unearned Revenue Prepaid Expense A liability Both A and C 2 On 1 July 2009 Zoe’s Bar & Bistro rented out part of its property at a rate of $12,000 per year. On that date, nine months rent was collected in advance and was recorded as an increase to a liability account. At 31 December 2009, (Zoe’s year-end) which of the following adjusting entries should be made? A B C D Increase Cash, $6,000; Increase Rent Revenue, $6,000 Decrease Rent Revenue, $3,000; Increase Unearned Rent Revenue $3,000 Decrease Unearned Rent Revenue, $6,000; Increase Rent Revenue, $6,000 Increase Rent Receivable, $6,000; Increase Rent Revenue, $6,000 23

Working capital is determined by A B C D subtracting total liabilities from total assets adding current liabilities to total assets subtracting current liabilities from current assets adding total liabilities to current assets 6 24 Decision-makers may use liquidity ratios to measure a company’s financial flexibility. An example of a liquidity ratio would be the A B C D return on total assets current ratio gross profit ratio accounts receivable turnover The following information pertains to question 25. Maria’s Coffee reported $56 000 for current assets and $10 500 for other assets. It also had $17 000 of current liabilities.

Maria’s quick assets totalled $22 000, and its long-term liabilities totalled $10 000. 25 Determine Maria’s working capital A B C D 26 $5 000 $39 000 $56 500 $12 500 The following entry appeared in the general journal of the SoHo Realty Company: Office Supplies Cash Accounts Payable 2,500 500 2,000 Which of the following statements is not true about the transaction recorded in the journal entry above? A B C D SoHo’s cash decreased by $500 Liabilities increased as a result of the transaction SoHo’s signed a note as part of the transaction The asset, office supplies, increased as a result of the transaction 27 End of year records from Sally’s Boutique show: $ Cash 20 Salaries Payable 10 Rent Expense 100 Interest Expense 50 Prepaid Rent 30 Salary Expense 20 Rent collected in advance 20 During the closing process the total debit to the Profit and Loss Summary account would be: A B C D $90 $100 $80 $170 28 Muffy Company reported the following for 2009 and 2010: Accounts receivable, 31 December, 2009 Accounts receivable, 31 December, 2010 Sales for 2010 $ 7 000 3 000 85 000 How much cash was collected from customers during 2010? A B C D $81 000 $85 000 $89 000 $75 000

Use the following information to answer Questions 29 and 30 2010 $ 20 000 50 000 54 000 130 000 6 000 230 000 127 000 560 000 340 000 2009 $ 22 000 44 000 51 000 129 000 10 000 221 000 125 000 554 000 336 000 Cash at bank Marketable securities Accounts Receivable Inventory Prepaid expenses Plant and equipment Current liabilities Sales revenue (on account) Cost of goods sold 8 29 The current ratio for 2010 is: A B C D 2. 15:1 2. 05:1 1. 88:1 1. 75:1 30 Receivables turnover for 2010 is: A B C D 10. 4 times 21. 3 times 4. 10 times 10. 7 times 9 PART B: (ALL QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED) ANSWER QUESTION IN A NEW ANSWER BOOKLET.

Question 1 Part A Recording transactions (20 marks) (10 marks) Matthew James Services Pty Ltd began a business consultancy service on 1 July 2010. The company uses a perpetual inventory system. The following transactions occurred during the first month of operations: July 2 Shareholders invested $46000 in the business in exchange for shares in the company. 2 Paid $20000 for the first six month’s rent. 2 Paid Local Energy Corp $300 as a deposit on electricity. 3 Purchased and installed shop fittings for a total cost of $21500 by issuing a cheque for $11500 and igning a commercial loan agreement for $10000. 4 Purchased supplies for $1580 4. Purchased $20000 worth of inventory for cash 6 Paid advertising expense of $1750. 16 Recorded sales for the first half of the month of $16480 in cash and $275 on account. Cost of inventory sold during the period was $7650. 20 Paid insurance expense for the first year of $1250. 23 Received a $50 payment from customers on account. 28 Paid salaries of $1500. 31 Recorded revenue for the second half of the month of $22729 in cash and $530 on account. Cost of inventory sold during the period was $10890. 1 Paid telephone account of $110 by cheque. Use the following account titles and numbers: Cash at Bank, 100; Accounts Receivable, 101; Supplies, 103; Inventory 104; Deposits, 105; Shop Fittings, 110; Loan Payable, 200; Share Capital, 300; Retained Profits, 310; Dividends, 320; Sales, 400; Cost of Goods Sold, 450 Rent expense, 500; Advertising expense, 501; Insurance expense, 502; Telephone expense, 503; Salary expense, 504. Required: 1. Prepare the general journal entries to record the above transactions. 10 Question 1 Part B Financial Statements (10 marks)

The adjusted trial balance of Crossing Australia Limited at 30 April 2009, after all adjustments, is as follows: Crossing Australia Ltd Adjusted Trial Balance as at 30 April 2009 Account Cash at Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Prepaid Insurance Equipment Accumulated Depreciation – equipment Building Accumulated Depreciation – building Land Accounts Payable Interest payable Wages payable Unearned Service revenue Bill payable, non-current Share capital Service Revenue Depreciation expense – equipment Depreciation expense – building Wages expense Interest expense Insurance expense Electricity and gas expense Supplies expense Total Dr 1,370 43,740 3,690 2,290 63,930 28,430 74,330 18,260 20,000 19,550 2,280 830 3,660 69,900 64,200 98,550 6,900 3,710 60,310 5,370 8,170 4,970 6,880 305,660 Cr 305,660 Required: Prepare a classified Income Statement and a Balance Sheet for Crossing Australia Limited. 11 Question 2 ANSWER QUESTION IN A NEW ANSWER BOOKLET. Question 2 Part A Financial statement analysis (15 marks) (10 marks) The following information has been extracted from the financial statements and the notes of Softwoods Ltd. 010 Cash assets Marketable securities Receivables Inventories Prepaid expenses Property plant and equipment Current liabilities Credit sales Cost of Goods Sold Total liabilities Total assets Net profit $34 100 110 000 74 800 187 000 4 400 308 000 183 700 979 000 587 400 593 000 650 000 98 000 2009 $37 400 104 500 77 000 173 800 6 600 269 500 167 200 951 500 573 000 567 000 612 000 83 000 Receivables and inventories balances in 2008 were the same as 2009. Required: Calculate the following for 2010 and 2009: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Current ratio Inventory turnover ratio Receivables turnover ratio Net profit ratio Debt to total assets ratio What conclusions can you come to in relation to Softwoods Ltd’s liquidity, profitability and solvency? 12 Question 2 Part B Journalise adjusting entries (5 marks)

The trial balance of Please-Pass-Me at 30 June 2010, the end of the financial year, is as follows: Pass-Me-Please Trial Balance as at 30 June 2010 Account Cash at Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Furniture and fixtures Accumulated Depreciation furniture and fixtures Building Accumulated Depreciation building Accounts Payable Salary Payable Unearned Service revenue Capital Drawings Service Revenues Salary Expense Supplies Expense Depreciation Expense – furniture and fixtures Depreciation Expense – building Miscellaneous Expense Total Dr 198,000 370,000 6,000 100,000 40,000 250,000 130,000 380,000 45,000 293,000 65,000 286,000 172,000 Cr 13,000 1,174,000 1,174,000 Data needed for the adjusting entries include: a. b. c. d. e. f. Supplies on hand at year-end, $2,000 Depreciation on furniture and fixtures, $20,000 Depreciation on building, $10,000 Salaries owed but not yet paid, $5,000 Accrued service revenue, $12,000 Of the $45,000 balance of Unearned Service Revenue, $32,000 was earned during the current financial year. Required: Prepare the adjusting general journal entries. 13

Question 3 ANSWER QUESTION IN A NEW ANSWER BOOKLET. Hardly Normal Ltd (15 marks) As at 30 June 2008 the company’s cash account in its GL has a debit balance of $5,815. 30. The bank statement balance as at 30 June 2008 showed a balance of $7,075. 80 Cr The following additional information was noted: • The bank collected a direct deposit of $1200 for Hardly Normal from a debtor and charged $10 for doing so. On 30 June the bank statement showed a debit entry of $550 for a dishonoured cheque deposited by hardly Normal from IN Debt, a customer. The 30 June cash receipts of $1,819. 60 were not included in the bank deposits for June. They did not get processed until 1 July. Company cheque no. 480 issued to Joe Bloggs, a creditor, for $492 cleared the bank in June but it had been incorrectly recorded and posted in the company’s records as $429. The bank service charge for June was $25. Interest of $48 was received. It had not been previously accrued for. Unpresented cheques at 30 June totalled $2,480. 10. • • • • • • Required 1. 2. Prepare the necessary adjusting entries to the company’s GL as at 30 June 2008. Prepare the bank reconciliation statement as at 30 June 2008 (include workings for adjusting the GL). 14 Question 3 Part B Internal Control (5 marks) Fred Firkenstirker has worked for Derek Shonk Solicitors for several years. Fred hasn’t taken a holiday in the last three years. One of Fred’s primary duties is to open the mail and list the cheques received.

He also takes cash from clients when they leave. At times it is so hectic that Fred doesn’t bother with giving clients a receipt for the cash paid on their accounts. He assures them he will see to it that they receive the proper credit. When the traffic is slow in the office Fred offers to help Mary post the payments received from clients to the accounts receivable ledger. She is always happy to receive his help, because he is a very conscientious worker. Required: Identify any principles of internal control that may be violated in this solicitor’s office situation. 15 Question 4 Statement of Cash Flows (20 marks) ANSWER QUESTION IN A NEW ANSWER BOOKLET.

Choice Brother Pty Limited Balance Sheet 30 June 2010 Current assets Cash at bank Accounts receivable Total current assets Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment: at cost Accumulated depreciation Total non-current assets Total assets Current liabilities Accounts payable Salaries payable Total liabilities NET ASSETS Owner’s equity Share Capital Retained Profits TOTAL OWNER’S EQUITY 10,000 11,950 21,950 10,000 4,280 14,280 29,800 3,500 33,300 21,950 35,220 1,000 36,220 14,280 33,000 (17,000) 16,000 55,250 20,000 (8,000) 12,000 50,500 8,750 30,500 39,250 13,500 25,000 38,500 30 June 2009 Other information extracted from Choice Brothers Pty Limited Income Statement for the year ended 30 June 2010 as follows: Sales Revenue Gain on disposal of PPE Salaries Expense Other Expenses (ex. Dep. ) Net Profit Other information: • 141,250 1,000 50,000 71,580 7,670 Equipment that originally cost the company $10,000 was sold during the year.

The accumulated depreciated on the equipment sold was $4,000. Accounts payable balance relates to amounts owning that are classified under ‘Other Expenses’ • 16 Required 1. Calculate the following cash flows: a) receipts from customers b) payments to employees c) payments for other expenses d) payments for property, plant and equipment e) receipts from the sale of property, plant and equipment (10 marks) 2. Prepare the company’s Cash Flows Statement for the year ended 30 June 2010. (10 marks) 17 Indicative examination solutions Part A: Multiple Choice 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 D A D B C B C A C D D A A C B B A D A B D C C B B C D C B D 18

PART B Question 1 Question 1 Part A Recording transactions Matthews James Services Pty Ltd General Journal Date 2010 2 Jul Account titles and explanation Cash Share Capital (Issued shares) Rent expense Cash (Paid first 6 months rent) Deposit Cash (Deposit on electricity) Post. Ref 100 300 Debit 46,000 46,000 Credit (20 marks) (10 marks) 2 Jul 500 100 20,000 20,000 2 Jul 105 100 300 300 3 Jul Shop Fittings 110 21,500 Loan Payable 200 10,000 Cash 100 11,500 (Purchased shop fittings paid part by cash and part covered by a loan agreement) Supplies Cash (Paid for supplies) Inventory Cash (Paid cash for inventory) Advertising Expense Cash (Paid advertising expense) 103 100 1,580 1,580 4 Jul 4 Jul 104 100 20,000 20,000 6 Jul 01 100 1,750 1,750 16 Jul Cash 100 Accounts Receivable 101 Sales 400 Cost of Goods Sold 450 Inventory 104 (To record first half month sales) 20 Jul Insurance Expense Cash (Paid 1 year insurance policy) 502 100 16,480 275 16,755 7,650 7,650 1,250 1,250 19 23 Jul Cash 100 Accounts Receivable 101 (To record collection of accounts receivable) 28 Jul Salary Expense Cash (Paid salaries) 504 100 50 50 1,500 1,500 31 Jul Cash 100 Accounts Receivable 101 Sales 400 Cost of Goods Sold 450 Inventory 104 (To record second half month sales) 31 Jul Telephone expense Cash (Paid Telephone expense) 503 100 22,729 530 23,259 10,890 10,890 110 110 20 Question 1 Part B

Financial Statements Crossing Australia Ltd Income Statement For the Year Ended 30 April 2009 (10 marks) Revenues: Service revenue Expenses: Wage expense Interest expense Depreciation expense – equipment Supplies expense Insurance expense Electricity and gas expense Depreciation expense – building Total expenses Net profit $98,550 $60,310 8,170 6,900 6,880 5,370 4,970 3,710 96,310 $2,240 21 Question 1 Part B continued Crossing Australia Ltd Balance Sheet As at 30 April 2009 Assets Current Assets Cash at Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Prepaid Insurance Total current assets Non-Current Assets Equipment Less: Acc. Depreciation Building Less: Acc.

Depreciation Land Total Non-Current Assets TOTAL ASSETS Liabilities Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Interest Payable Wages Payable Unearned Service Revenue Total Current Liabilities Non-Current Liabilities Bill Payable TOTAL LIABILITIES NET ASSETS Owner’s Equity Share Capital Retained Profits OWNER’S EQUITY $ 1, 370 43,740 3, 690 2, 290 $ 51,090 $63,930 (28,430) 74,330 (18,260) $35,500 56,070 20,000 111,570 $162,660 $19,550 2,280 830 3,660 26,320 69,900 96,220 $66,440 64,200 2,240 $66,440 22 Question 2 Question 2 Part A Financial statement analysis (15 marks) (10 marks) Formulae 1. Current ratio = Current assets/ Current liabilities 2. Stock turn (Inventory turnover) = COGS/ Average inventory 3. Debtors turn (Receivables turnover) = Net sales/ Average net receivables 4. Net profit ratio = net profit/net sales 5.

Debt to total assets ratio = total liabilities/total assets Calculations 2010 Current assets: $34,100 + $110,000 + $74,800 + $187,000 + $4,400 = $410,300 2009 Current assets: $37,400 + $104,500 + $77,000 + $173,800 + $6,600 = $399,300 2010 Average inventory: ($187,000 + $173,800)/2 2009 Average inventory: $173, 800 * assumed 2008 and 2009 same balances 2010 Average receivables: ($74,800 + $77,000)/2 = $75,900 2009 Average receivables: $77,000 * assumed 2008 and 2009 same balances 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Current ratio Stock turn Debtors turn Net profit Debt to assets 2010 410,300/183,700 = 2. 23 587,400/180,400 = 3. 26 979,000/75,900 = 12. 90 98,000/979,000 = 10% 593,000/650,000 = . 91 2009 399,300/167,200 = 2. 39 573,000/173,800 = 3. 1 951,500/77,000 = 12. 35 83,000/951,500 = 8. 7% 567,000/612,000 = . 92 Liquidity – Although it has declined slightly in 2004, Softwoods is financially sound in the short term with more than $2 in current assets to meet every $1 in current liabilities Profitability – Net profit ratio has improved marginally in 2004 with Softwoods able turning 10c of every $1 of sales into profit. For a complete picture however the ratio would need to be compared to industry. Softwoods is collecting its debtors balances at the rate of more than 12 times per year and therefore slightly better than once a month. Stock turnover however is rather slow at just over three times per year.

Of course the nature of the industry would need to be considered to assess whether this level of turnover was within expectations. Solvency – Softwoods is carrying a high level of long term debt with barely enough assets to cover liabilities. This raises some concern about their long term viability 23 Question 2 Part B Journalising adjusting entries Pass-Me-Please General Journal 30 June 2010 (5 marks) a) Dr Supplies Expense Cr Supplies b) Dr Depreciation Expense Cr Acc Depreciation (F&F) c) Dr Depreciation Expense Cr Acc Depreciation (Building) d) Dr Salaries Expense Cr Salary Payable e) Dr Accounts Receivable Cr Service Revenues f) Dr Unearned Service Revenue Cr Service Revenues 4,000 4,000 20,000 20,000 10,000 10,000 5,000 5,000 12,000 12,000 32,000 32,000 24

Question 3 Question 3 Part A Date Bank reconciliation Debit (15 marks) (10 marks) Credit Account Titles and Explanation June 30 Cash at Bank Bank Charges Accounts Receivable 30 Accounts Receivable – IN Debt Cash at Bank 30 Accounts Payable – Joe Bloggs Cash at Bank 30 Bank Charges Cash at Bank 30 Cash at Bank Interest Revenue 1,190 10 1,200 550 550 63 63 25 25 48 48 (1) Original Cash at Bank account balance Add: Interest Collection of note receivable ($1,200 less collection fee $10) Less: Dishonoured cheque Error in recording cheque no. 2480 Bank service charge Adjusted Cash at Bank account balance $5,815. 30 48. 00 1,190. 00 ($550. 00) (63. 00) (25. 0) 1,238. 00 7,053. 30 (638. 00) $6,415. 30 Hardly Normal Limited Bank Reconciliation Statement As at 30 June 2007 Balance as per bank statement Add: Outstanding deposits Less: Unpresented cheques Balance as per Cash at Bank Account (1) Workings $7,075. 80 1,819. 60 8,895. 40 (2,480. 10) $6,415. 30 25 Question 3 Part B Internal Control (5 marks) This may not be an exhaustive list. Additional control issues identified must actually link to the scenario provided in the question. Violations: 1. It is Mary’s responsibility to post payments to patient accounts. In allowing Fred to assist her, the establishment of responsibility principle is violated. 2.

Although it appears to be a small office, it is not appropriate that Fred opens the mail, receives and records cash receipts from clients, and also appears to have custody of cash. This situation violates the segregation of duties principle. By posting to clients’ accounts it would be possible to post credits to patient accounts and pocket the cash. 3. The documentation principle is violated when clients are not given cash receipts. Although many professional offices do not have cash registers, computerised or manual receipts are customary and necessary. 4. Independent internal verification is also being violated. There is no independent counting of the cash and comparison to total receipts. 5. Other controls are being violated. There is no mention of Fred being bonded. Also, personnel should be required to take olidays to increase the likelihood of fraud being detected. 26 Question 4 Required 1 Statement of Cash Flows (20 marks) Receipts from customers = Sales revenue + opening accounts receivable – closing accounts receivable = 141,250 + 25,000 – 30,500 = 135,750 ? Payments to employees = salaries expense + opening salaries payable – closing salaries payable = 50,000 + 1,000 – 3,500 = 47,500 ? Payments for other operating expenses = other operating expenses + opening accounts payable – closing accounts payable = 71,580 + 35,220 – 29,800 = 77,000 ? Payment for purchases of PPE = increase in cost value of PPE + cost value of PPE sold = 13,000 + 10,000 = 23,000 ?

Receipts from sale of PPE (is a two step process) = Original cost of assets – accumulated depreciation = carrying value of asset sold = 10,000 – 4,000 = 6,000 Carrying value of asset sold + profit on disposal (OR less loss on disposal) = 6,000 + 1,000 = 7,000 Required 2 Choice Brothers Pty Limited Cash Flows Statement (Partial) For the Year Ended 30 June 2010 Cash flows from operating activities $ Cash collections: From customers Cash payments: To employees For other operating expenses Net cash generated by operating activities Cash flows from investing activities Cash collections: From sale of PPE Cash payments: For purchase of PPE Net cash generated by investing activities Net movement in cash Opening balance in cash 1 July 2009 Closing balance in cash 30 June 2010 135,750 (47,500) (77,000) 11,250 ? 7,000 (23,000) (16,000) (4,750) 13,500 8,750 27 28

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