American History Chapter 16 Section 1

American History Chapter 16 Section 1

Joseph Stalin
After Lenin died in 1924, he defeated Trotsky to gain power in the U.S.S.R. He created consecutive “five year plans” to expand heavy industry. He tried to crush all opposition and ruled as the absolute dictator of the U.S.S.R. until his death. “Man of steel”
Totalitarian
A system of government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society. Stalin established in 1939
Benito Mussolini
Fascist Dictator of Italy that at first used bullying to gain power, then never had full power. Establishing totalitarian regime. tried to destroyed politicians.
Fascism
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Adolf Hitler
Born in Austria, Hitler became a radical German nationalist during World War I. He led the “National Socialist German Workers’ Party-the Nazi Party” in the 1920 and became dictator of Germany in 1933. He led Europe into World War II.
Nazism
A form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism. By Hitler.
Mein Kempt
In prison, Hitler writes = Book – My Struggle
Aryans
Adolf Hitler believed they were they leading race and should make a great civilization. They were threatened by the inferior Slavs. “Master Race”
isolationism
A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
Manchurian
Japanese troops, claiming that Chinese had tried to blow up a railway, captured several Manchurian cities and continuing to take over country after Chinese troops withdrew
League of Nation
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Versailles Treaty
Rhineland (Place)
A region in Germany designated a demilitarized zone by the Treaty of Versailles; Hitler violated the treaty and sent German troops there in 1936
Kellogg- Briand Pact
an international agreement, signed by almost every nation in 1928, to stop using war as a method of national policy
Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act
1934 allowed Roosevelt to lower U.S. tariffs in exchange for similar reductions by other nations
Neutrality Acts
1935 laws designed to keep the United States out of future wars