American History: Final Exam

American History: Final Exam

Time Zone
Geographical divisions to standardize time in specific zones
Land Grant
Gift of land in return for settling on it
Transcontinental Railroad
Transcontinental Railroad
A railroad that stretches across the continent
Industry
Businesses involved in manufacturing, transportation, and communications
mechanization
The replacement of manual labor with machinery
monopoly
One group or company’s exclusive ownership and control of a market
corporation
A business that sell stock to shareholders and uses the money to invest in business
Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
He developed a giant steel corporation,
The Great War
Before WWII, WWI was called this
neutral
The US tried to remain ____ during WWI
Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand,
What was the “spark” that set off WWI?
help each other if attacked
Countries that join an alliance agree to:
secret
Alliances in Europe before WWI were ___
Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
President during WWI,
mobilize
To prepare the army&navy for war is to:
draft
During WWI all men aged 21-30 had to register for the ___
the nation’s industries
The War Industries Board organized:
bad feelings toward Germans
During WWI sauerkraut in the US was called liberty cabbage because of
farm
The Food Administration oversaw the nation’s ___ output.
rally people in support of the war
The Committee on Public Information tried to:
Fourteen Points
President Wilson’s peace plan
Germany
The treaty of Versailles included rules to punish:
rejected
Wilson’s 14 points were ___ by the Senate
ethnic group
A group of people sharing racial or cultural background
alliance
Agreement among countries to work together; help each other
armistice
Agreement to temporarily suspend fighting in a war
dissent
Disagree or have an opinion that is different
League of Nations
Organization to help nations settle disputes after WWI
The Great Migration
Migration of 500,000 African-Americans to the North
reparations
Money paid by a losing country for war damages
sovereignty
A nation’s ability to act on its own
defend one another if attacked
European countries formed alliances to
1914-1918
The years of WWI were
Senate
This lawmaking groups said no to Treaty of Versailles
trenches
trenches
Soldiers on both sides of WWI spent a great deal of time fighting in
mass production
Making large amounts of goods by machines
public works
Buildings, roads, and other structures for use by all
consumers
People who buy goods
foreclose
To take ownership because a borrower has failed to pay a loan
stock market
stock market
Place where shares in a company are bought and sold
installment credit
Agreement to pay off a loan by making payments over time
bonus army
WWI veterans who wanted Congress to give WWI veterans early bonus
quotas
Maximum number of people accepted into a nation
depression
Business is slow, high unemployment, falling wages
aid
Another word for relief
Hoover
Hoover
Blamed for not doing enough during Great Depression
Earhart
First woman to fly across Atlantic
Lindberg
Lindberg
First person ever to fly over Atlantic Ocean
a state-run economy
Communists support:
mass production
This made automobiles affordable for middle class
Harlem Renaissance
A period of flourishing Africa-American art, music and literature
stock market crash
Marked and end to prosperity of 1920s
flappers
flappers
Women of the 1920s were wore shorter hair, dresses
Red
The ____ Scare was a fear of communism taking over
local and state governments
Hoover felt that help during the Depression should come from:
genocide
The murdering of an entire race or tribe
Victory Gardens
Planted to help ease the shortage for fresh produce
ration
To allow only a certain amount of food, gasoline, etc. to each person
veteran
A soldier who returns home from war
Stalin, Churchill, Roosevelt
“Big Three” of WWII
Poland
Hitler’s invasion of this country started WWII
Italy
Italy
Benito Mussolini was the leader of this country
a non-aggression pact
In 1939 the Soviet Union and Germany signed
Hitler
Hitler
Dictator of Germany
1930s
During the —- there was a world-wide depression
1941
U.S. enters WWII
D-Day
Invasion of France by the Allies
over 6 million
Number of Jewish people killed in Holocaust
airfields
Admiral Nimitz wanted to set this up on Pacific Islands
President Truman
President Truman
Decided to drop the Atomic Bomb
Japanese pilots who flew suicide missions
Kamikazes were
Nagasaki
Second atomic bomb was dropped here
Hiroshima
First atomic bomb was dropped here
Iwo Jima
This battle lasted a month; 20,000 Americans died
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Elected president 4 times
Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
President blamed for the Great Depression
Europe
Europe
Continent with Germany, France, Spain
Germany
After WWII, this was divided into 4 zones
Axis Powers
Group including Japan, Germany, Italy
Allies
Group included Great Britain, France & U.S.
inflation
Increasing prices when there is more money available than goods
Internment camps
Relocation place for Japanese Americans during WWII
Franklin D. Roosevelt
U.S. President at the start of WWII
Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
Leader of Great Britain during WWII
Jewish people
Anit-semitism is the discrimination against
1939
WWII began in this year
1945
WWII ended in this year
domino theory
domino theory
Idea that a communist countries cause others to fall to communism
foreign aid
Help and assistance from one country to another
censure
Officially condemn or stop someone
Marshall Plan
The plan to send aid to help rebuild Europe after WWII
foreign policy
A plan for how a country deals with other countries
communist
Government of North Korea
democratic
Government of South Korea
“Do-Nothing”
Truman’s nickname for Congress
NATO
Counties against communism formed:
closed shop
Place of employment that allows only union worker
Senator McCarthy
Accused people of being communists with little proof
walked out to protest another matter
The Soviet Union failed to block the UN vote to send aid to Korea because they had
suburbs
Residential areas surrounding cities
rhythm and blues
Music style using aspects fo blues and African-American folk music
standard of living
Measurement of quality of life
white-collar
Middle-class workers who do not engage in manual labor
tract housing
Large numbers of similar houses mass produced
refugee
Person who flees their country to avoid persecution
mass media
Forms of communication reaching a large audience
mainland
The continental/larger part of a country not including islands
generation gap
generation gap
Differences of ideas between parents and their children
migrate
To travel in search of work or food