AP Euro Chapter 12

AP Euro Chapter 12

the italian renaissance was primarily
a recovery or rebirth of antiquity and greco-roman culture
the work “renaissance” means
rebirth
economic developments in the renaissance included
a revival in trade
according to jacob Burckhard, the renaissance in italy represented
a distinct break from the middle ages
the Medici controleed the finaces of the Italian city-state of
Florence
what was the commercial and military league set up off the north coast of Germany?
Hanseatic League
two key ares of renaissance technological innovation were
mining and metal working, including manufacture of firearms
the most backward and reactionary state in italy during the renaissance was
Kingdom of Naples
castiglione’s The Courtier was a
very popular handbook laying out the new skills in politics, the arts, and personal comportment expected of Renaissance aristocrats
the achievements of the italian renaissance were the products of
an elite movement movement, involving small numbers of wealthy patrons, artists, and intellectuals
the aristocracy of the 16th century was
to dominate society as it had done in the middle ages
banquets during the renaissance
were used to express wealth and power of an aristocratic family
the third estate of the 15th century was
overwhelmingly made up of peasants
western europe in the renaissance saw
a decline in serfdom
slavery in renaissance italy
saw slaves form Africa and eastern Mediterranean used mostly as courtly domestic servants and as skilled workers
the reintroduction of slavery in the 14th century occurred largely as a result of
the shortage of labor created by the black death
which of the following statements best describes marriage in Renaissance italy?
marriages were usually arranged, to strengthen family alliances
marriages in renaissance italy
were an economic necessity of life involving complicated family negotiations
by the 15th century, italy was
dominated by 5 major regional independent powers
perhaps the most famous of italian ruling women was
isabella d’Este
Federigo da Montefeltro of Urbino was
an example of a skilled, intelligent, independent Italian warrior prince
the Peace of Lodi in 1454 exemplifies what key Italian Renaissance political concept?
a balance of power between competing territorial states
Machiavelli’s ideas as expressed in The Prince achieve amodel for
a modern secular concept of power politics
Italian renaissance humanism in the early fifteenth century
was based on the study of the Greco-Roman classics
in the late 15th century, italy became a battleground for the competing interests of
spain and france
neoplatonism was based on two primary ideas:
a hierarchy of substances and a theory of spiritual love
the Corpus Hermeticum
contained writings on the occult as well as theological and philosophical speculations
Pico della Mirandola’s Oration on the Dignity of Man stated that humans
could be whatever they chose or willed
a subject of particular interest to 15th century humanists was
the Greek language
the liberal education taught by Vittorino da Feltre
contained as its primary goal the creation of well-rounded, virtuous citizens
liberal education in the renaissance included all of the following EXCEPT
the mastery of engineering and mechanics
humanism’s main effect on the writing of history was
the secularization of historiography and the explanation of change over time
who played a leading role in perfecting the movable type for printing?
Johannes Gutenberg
The development of printing in the 15th century
ensured that literacy and new knowledge would spread rapidly in European society
Italian artists int he 15th century began to
experiment in the areas of perspective
The major practitioner of the new architecture of the Renaissance as exemplified by the dome of the Cathedral of Florence and the city’s church of San Lorenzo was
Brunelleschi
which of the following groups of italian artists dominated the high renaissance
de Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo
the painter of Rome’s Sistine Chapel ceiling was
Michelangelo
What was the name of the Renaissance painter who was noted for painting, “The School of Athens”?
raphael
which of the following is NOT true of Northern Renaissance artists?
they valued secular human form as the primary subject of painting
the “new monarchs” of the late 15th century in Europe
were focused upon the acquisition of expansion and power
the results of the Hundred year’s war
all of the above
a) reinvigorated and strengthened the French monarchy
b)caused economic turmoil in England
c) temporarily strengthened the nobility in England
under Ferdiand and Isabella, Spain
saw Muslim power vanish from the peninsula
all of the following monarchs were successful in continuing the centralization of their “new monarchies” EXCEPT
Maximilian I of the Holy Roman Empire
The Tudor dynasty ruled in
England
The Byzantine empire was finally destroyed in 1453 by the
Ottoman Turks
The Ottoman Turkish sultan who captured Constantinople in 1453 was
Mehmet II
John Wyclif condemned the Catholic Church for all of the following EXCEPT
the pope should be given greater power to eliminate hearsay and unbelief
the renaissance popes did all of the following EXCEPT
attempt to return to the papacy to more humble times
the renaissance papacy
was often seen as corrupt and debauched, as evidenced by Alexander VI