AP Gov Chapter 7 Exam Review

Which one of the powers listed below is a constitutional power that the president shares with the Senate?
making treaties
Which institutional resource is closest to the president?
White House staff
In which institutional resource are leaders both appointed by the president and approved by the Senate?
the Cabinet
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Which of these became an official presidential qualification in 1951?
a maximum of two terms
What is executive privilege?
the right to keep communications confidential to the presidency
Who has the role of breaking a tie in the Senate?
vice president
Presidents have had the most success in changing the direction of decisions of the federal judiciary by…
using the appointment process to select judges with judicial philosophies similar to those of the president
Historically, vice-presidential candidates are chosen to…
politically balance the ticket
What does the 22 Amendment do?
requires that presidents serve only two terms
Which 1st lady acted as a surrogate for her partially paralyzed husband?
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Which presidential power is balanced by required approval of the Senate with 2/3 vote?
negotiating treaties with other nations
Congress can remove a president through…
impeachment
Whom did the Framers expect to be the 1st president of the US?
George Washington
What has to happen in Congress before the president can be impeached?
The House can impeach the president by a simple majority; the Senate needs 2/3 majority
Which of these presidents is arguably the 1st modern president?
FDR
Throughout most of its history, which was considered an insignificant office?
vice president
Which presidential oversight includes the State of the Union address?
The president must inform and convene Congress
Which executive power was intended as a “qualified negative” by the Framers?
the power to veto
According to the Constitution, how is the president supposed to be elected?
election through the Electoral College
Which of the following is an example of the rally-round-the-flag effect?
George W. Bush’s popularity was boosted following the 9/11 terrorist attacks
The use of ____ in foreign matters is an example of the president acting as a global leader
executive agreements
What is the purpose of the Council of Economic Advisers
to advise the president on economic policy
Which best describes the president’s constitutional duty to Congress?
The president must give Congress an occasional update on the state of the union
Which is one of the reasons that power and responsibility of the presidency has grown?
The US became a world power
What role was Thomas Jefferson performing as president when he made the Louisiana Purchase?
chief executive
What role does a president play when celebrating a national holiday?
chief of state
Which examines the cost implications of a proposed bill?
Office of Management and Budget
Why is there potential for conflict over virtually all aspects of government?
All constitutional powers are shared
In order to prevent tyranny, what did Benjamin Franklin think had to be included in the Constitution?
a process of impeachment
Which presidential power gives the president the ability to control what happens inside departments and agencies during their terms and to shape the federal judiciary (including the Supreme Court) far into the future?
appointment
Presidents with high levels of _____ have an easier time influencing Congress, while those with low levels find influencing Congress more difficult.
public approval
Which group’s major function is to help presidents execute laws and make decisions?
the Cabinet
Which is a group of presidential advisers? This group is too large and too diverse to serve as a collective board.
the White House staff
What is the role of the National Security Council?
to advise the president on national security
Which president set the precedent of the chief executive’s prominent role in foreign affairs?
George Washington
How did Lincoln defend his decision to order a blockade of southern ports without the approval of Congress?
He claimed that the inherent powers of his office allowed him to circumvent the Constitution in a time of war or national crisis
In which way do modern presidents differ from the original intentions of the Framers of the Constitution?
Modern presidents are much more influential in the legislative process than the Framers originally intended
How might presidents use their powers of persuasion in the legislative process?
in leading public opinion to support their policy agendas
Why does the perception of a mandate matter in presidential policies?
Because modern presidents are more dependent on the people for election and more involved in policy making than early presidents, they are prone to claim the mandate of the people when governing
How is a vice presidential vacancy filled?
the president appoints a new vice president, to be approved by Congress
Which of the following statements best characterizes the nature of the conflict between presidents and Congress?
The conflict is integral to the design of the Constitution, deliberately intended by the authors of the constitution
Which of the following statements best describes contemporary relationships between presidents and Congress?
they are generally antagonistic
How has the office of vice president changed over the years?
The VP has been more involved in the policy-making process in recent years than in the past
Which of the following leadership abilities is critical to presidential success?
the ability to persuade members of Congress and the American people
How might rallying events affect presidential politics?
Rallying events tend to temporarily increase presidential approval ratings, providing windows of opportunity to press for action on their agendas
When might citizens be particularly concerned about an expansion of presidential power?
when they oppose the president’s agenda
What would be different, with respect to the institution of the presidency, if FDR had not won the 1932 election?
The institution of the presidency would be less connected to the people
Based on what you know about election history, what is the most likely reason Senator John McCain chose Governor Sarah Palin as his running mate in 2008?
Palin was more conservative than McCain
What distinguishes the modern presidency from the institution originally envisioned by the Framers of the Constitution?
The modern presidency has become the central focus of American politics since the 1930’s, supplanting Congress as the “first branch” of government
Which word best describes the language used by the Framers to describe the office of the president?
vague
What was the turning point that gave rise to the modern institutional presidency?
the economic and social turmoil of the Great Depression
What distinguishes modern presidents from early presidents?
Modern presidents are much more active in the formulation of policy than early presidents
How does the White Hose staff differ from the president’s Cabinet?
The White House staff has greater access to and more influence on the president than the Cabinet
Which of the following statements provides the best characterization of the members of the White House staff?
The White House staff is composed of individuals personally and politically close to the president chosen specifically to serve the president’s needs
Why was the 25th Amendment to the Constitution adopted?
to clear up ambiguities over the constitutional provisions surrounding the role of the vice president should the president die or become incapacitated
Why was the War Powers Resolution (1973) adopted by Congress?
to reinvigorate the role of Congress in the conduct of war
What did the presidencies of Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln have in common?
they were both examples of activist presidencies
When selecting vice-presidential candidate, a presidential nominee is usually concerned primarily with choosing a running mate who…
adds balance and appeal to the national ticket
A President attempting to influence Congress to pass a legislative program might employ all of the following strategies EXCEPT
denying campaign reelection funds to legislators who oppose the president’s policy stand
All of the following powers are granted to the President by the Constitution EXCEPT
forming new cabinet-level departments
Which of the following procedures results in the removal of the President from office?
the House votes for impeachment, the Senate conducts a trial and reaches a guilty verdict
All of the following have contributed to an increase in presidential power in the post-1945 era EXCEPT
legislation granting the President the powers to impound funds appropriated by Congress
The request of recent Presidents for the line-term veto is a challenge to which of the following principles?
separation of powers
In which of the following scenarios would a president veto most likely be upheld?
2/3 of the representatives and senators are members of the same party as the President
Which of the following statements about trends in presidential approval ratings is supported by information presented in the graph at the end of the test?
a President’s popularity tends to fall during his in office
Since the 1970s, Presidents have made use of executive orders at an increasing rate because executive orders…
do not need to be passed by Congress
Which of the following is an example of presidential use of inherent powers?
Thomas Jefferson’s Louisiana Purchase
Which of the following is true about the pocket veto?
it occurs when the president takes no action on a bill for 10 days during which the Congress is adjourned

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