AP World chapter 10 vocab

AP World chapter 10 vocab

Champa Rice
quick-maturing rice that can allow two harvests in one growing season. Originally introduced into Champa from India; later sent to china as a tribute gift by the Champa state
Kamakura Shogunate
the first of Japan’s decentralized military governments
bubonic plague
a bacterial disease of fleas that can be transmitted by flea bites to rodents and humans; humans in late stages of the illness can spread the bacteria by coughing. because of its very high mortality rate and the difficulty of preventing its spread, major outbreaks have created crises in many parts of the world.
junk
very large flatbottom sailing boat produced in Tang, Ming and Song empires, specially designed for long distance commercial travel
neo-Confucianism
new approaches to understanding classic Confucian texts that became the basic ruling philosophy of China from the Song period to the twentieth century.
Zen
the Japanese word for branch of Mahayana Buddhism based on highly disciplined meditation. It is known in Sanskrit as dhyana, in CHinese as chan, and in Korean as son.
movable type
each individual character is on a separate piece of metal; replaced woodblock printing, allowing for the arrangement of individual letters and other characters on a page, rather than requiring the carving of entire pages at a time. It may have been invented in Korea in the thirteenth century.
Li Shimin
One of the founders of Tang Empire and its second emperor; led the expansion of the empire into Central Asia.
Tang Empire
unified China and part of Central Asia, founded 618 and ended 907.The emperors presided over a magnificent court at their capital, Chang’an.
Grand Canal
the 1,100 waterway linking the Yellow and Yangzi rivers. it was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Empire.
tributary system
from the time of the Han empire, countries in East and Southeast Asia not under the direct control of empires based in China nevertheless enrolled as tributary states, acknowledging superiority of emperors in china in exchange for trading rights or strategic alliances
Tibet
country centered on high, mountain-bounded plateau north of India. Political power occasionally extended farther to the north and west between the seventh and thirteen centuries.
Uighurs
a group of Turkic-speakers who controlled their own centralized empire from 744 to 840 in Mongolia and Central Asia.
Song Empire
in central and southern China while the Liao people controlled the north. distinguished for advances in technology, medicine, astronomy, and math
Koryo
Korean kingdom founded in 918, destroyed by Mongol invasion in 1259
Fujiwara
aristocratic family that dominated the Japanese imperial court between the ninth and twelfth centuries.
gunpowder
mixture of saltpeter, sulfur, charcoal; the formula, brought to China in the 400s, was first used to make fumigators to keep away insect pests and evil spirits. In later centuries it was used to make explosives and grenades and to propel cannonballs, shot, and bullets.