AP World Chapter 7; Trade Routes

AP World Chapter 7; Trade Routes

Location of the Silk Road
Linked China to Med. Sea, started in Chang’an
Silk Road; Environmental factors
Outer Eurasia= warm, well watered. Inner Eurasia= harsher and drier climate. Steppes and oases
Silk Road; Transportation
Camels and horses(stirrup)
Silk Road; Goods traded
China= silk, bamboo, rhubarb. India= cotton, spices. Middle East= almonds, dyes. Med. Basin= gold coins, olive oil, grapes. Central Asia= furs, horses, saddles
Silk Road; Impact
Linked pastoral and agricultural people, relay trade, focused on luxury trade= limited impact on most people, Buddhism and Islam spread, diseases spread
Nomads on the Silk Road
Provided animals, protection, food and drink, Silk Road could not have functioned without them
Role of Zhang Jian
Traveled Silk road, gained knowledge of Nomad lands, got to Fergana
Indian Ocean Maritime Trade; Location
Linked lands bordering Indian Ocean basin and South China sea, connected China and East Africa
Indian Ocean Maritime Trade; Monsoons
Sailors could cover long reaches at sea without oars
Indian Ocean Maritime Trade; Products traded
China= silk,tea. SE Asia= tin cloves, spices. India= grains, cotton, spices. Arabia= myrrh, pecans, perfume. East Africa= ivory, gold, exotic animals. Med. Basin; wine, olive oil
Indian Ocean Maritime Trade; Impact
Cheaper goods, Christianity spread into Ethiopia, Islam spread, cultural diversity with children and women
Difference between Mediterranean Sea trade and Indian Ocean trade
Med Sea; stayed close to shore, sails were square, used oars. Indian Ocean trade; monsoon winds, triangular sails, wider routes, didn’t have to stick close to shore, no oars
Sahara Desert
Largest desert in Africa, dry little water
Savanna
Grassland, some trees, extensive
Sahel
“Coast,” southern borderlands of the Sahara
Steppes
Treeless plains, good lands for nomads and their herds
Tropical Rainforest
High rainfall, lower Niger and in Zaire basin
Trans-Saharan Trade; Role of camels
Could travel long distances without water, allowed to roam free
Trans-Saharan Trade; Gold-Salt trade
Ghana and Mali= kingdoms that prospered bc of gold/salt trade, Timbuktu controlled trade
Trans-Saharan Trade; Location
South of the Sahara
Great traditions vs. Small traditions
Great; Written language, common legal and belief systems, shared by majority of the population. Small; local customs and beliefs, ex. blue and gold day
Bantu people
Spread iron and Bantu language