AP World History Ch 14 Vocab

AP World History Ch 14 Vocab

Tumens
Basic fighting units of the Mongol forces; consisted of 10,000 cavalrymen; each unit was further divided into units of 1000, 100, and 10.
Timur-I Lang
Leader of Turkic nomads; beginning in 1360s from base at Samarkand, lanuched series of attacks in Persia, the Fertile Crescent, India, and sourhtern Russia; empire disintegrated after his death in 1405.
Ju Yuanzhang
Chinese peasant who led successful revolt against Yuan in 14th century; founded Ming dynasty.
Karakorum
Capital of the Mongol Empire under Chinggis Khan.
Chinggis Khan
An astute political strategist and brilliant military commander; ruler of Mongols from 1206 to 1227; responsible for the Mongol expansion
Tangut
Ruler of Xia-Xia kingdom of northwest China; one of the regional kingdoms during period of southern Song; conquered by Mongols in 1226.
Muhammad Shah II
Turkic ruler of Muslim Khwarazm kingdom; attempted to resist Mongol conquest; conquered in 1220.
Shamanistic religion
Focused on the worship of nature spirits
Batu
Ruler of the Golden Horde; one of Chinggis Khan’s grandsons; responsible for invasion of Russia beginning in 1236.
Ogadei
Third son of Chinggis Khan; succeeded Chinggis Khan as khagan of the Mongols follwing his father’s death.
Golden Horde
One of the four regional subdivisions of the Mongol Empire after Chinggis Khan’s death; territory covered much of what is today south central Russia.
Metropolitan
Head of the Russian Orthodox hurch; located at Moscow
Prester John
Name given to a mythical Chrisitan monarch whose kingdom had supposedly been cut off from Europe by the Muslim conquests; Chinggis Khan was orginally believed to be this mythical ruler.
Ilkhan Khanate
One of four regional khanates, or subdivisions of the Mongol Empire after Chinggis Khan’s death; located south of the Golden Horde; eventually conquered much of territory of Abbasid Empire.
Hulegu
Ruler of the Ilkhan khanate; grandson of Chinggis Khan; repsonsible for capture and destruction of Baghdad.
Mameluks
Mulsim slave warriors; established a dynasty in Egypt; defeated the Mongols at Ain Jalut in 120 and halted Mongol advance.
Kublai Khan
Grandson of Chinggis Khan; commander of the Mongol forces responsible for the conquest of China; became khagan in 1260; established Sinicized Mongol Yuan dynasty in China in 1271.
Tatu
Mongol capital of yuan dynasty; present-day Beijing.
Chabi
Influential wife of Kubilai Khan; promoted interests of Buddhists in China; indicative of the refusal of Mongol women to adopt restrictive social conventions of Chinese.
Nestorians
A Christian sect found in Asia; tended to support Islamic invasions of this area in preference to Byzantine rule; cut off from Europe by Muslim invasions.
white Lotus Society
Secret society dedicated to overthrow of Yuan dynasty in China; typical of peasant resistance to Mongol rule.
1206
(year) Temujin takes the name of Chinggis Khan; Mongol state is founded.
1240
(year) Mongol invasion of western Europe
1258
(year) Mongol destruction of Baghdad
1279
(year) End the Mongols; continuous march fighting of battles, and besieging innumberable, well fortified Chinese cities.
1368
(year) End of the reign of the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty in China.