AP World History -Ch. 23

AP World History -Ch. 23

Vasco Da Gama
Definition: First, Portuguese explorer that went around Africa and entered the Indian Ocean.
Era:1400s
Region: West Europe, Indian Ocean
Global Context Analysis: This is similar to how Christopher Columbus went around the world and it thoroughly transformed Europe and the world just how Da Gama changed Europe and the world when he created a pathway that allowed Europe to enter trade in the Indian Ocean.
lateen sails
Definition: triangle sails that were very maneuverable that could catch winds from the side and behind.
Era: 12th century
Region: Western Europe
Global Context Analysis: similar to how the compass from China made traveler easier.
compass, astrolabe
Definition: the were used to determine where mariners were in the Atlantic and Mediterranean and to find latitude.
Era: mid-12th century
Region: East Asia,
Global Context Analysis: similar to how the lateen sails helped navigators in the seas.
Bartolomeu Dias
Definition: He rounded the Cape of Good Hope and was the first European to enter the Indian Ocean, but he came back as soon as he reached the Indian Ocean for several reasons.
Era: late 1400s
Region: West Europe, Africa,
GCA:
Christopher Columbus
Definition: The man that discovered the Americas which led to massive decrease in population of the indigenous people there; Europeans conquering lands there; settlement; and exploitation of the lands.
Era: 1490s
Region: West Europe, Caribbean, Central America.
GCA: Similar to when Britain began to leave their criminals in Australia and they made colonizations there.
James Cook
Definition: Led three expeditions to the Pacific which allowed for European geographers to draw a reasonable accurate map of the world.
Era: 1720s-1779
Region: lands in the Pacific
GCA: Similar to when Magellan circumnavigated the world.
circumnavigation
Definition: when Magellan sailed around the world
Era: 1519- 1522
Region: the world
Global Context Analysis: similar to when Cook explored the Pacific and it helped make a reasonable map of the world.
Vitus Bering
Definition: This man explored the
Era:
Region:
Global Context Analysis:
trading-post empires
Definition: empires in the earlier centuries (13-15th) which traded vast goods and set up trading posts.Trading posts (or ‘Factories’) were islands of European law and sovereignty, but European authority seldom extended very fat beyond the fortified post.
Era: 13-15th centuries
Region: throughout world
Global Context Analysis: similar to when Europe colonized lands in the Americas
British East India Co. (BEIC)
Definition: One of the two most powerful joint stock companies in Europe, but this one was English.
Era: 1600
Region: West Europe
Global Context Analysis: Similar to the VOC in the Netherlands
VOC
Definition: One of the two most powerful joint-stock companies in Europe, but this one was in the Netherlands
Era: 1602
Region: West Europe
Global Context Analysis: Very similar to the BEIC in England.
Prince Henry the Navigator
Definition: king of Portugal
-embarked on a campaign to spread Christianity and Portuguese influence on the sea
Era: 15th century
Region: W Europe, Africa, Indian Ocean
GCA: China also embarked on a couple of massive expeditions in the Indian Ocean to spread their influence and dominance.
Columbian exchange
Definition: the global diffusion of plants, crops, animals, epidemic diseases, and populations of humans that occurred after the explorations of Columbus and other European mariners. For example, small pox contributed to the decline of population in Mexico of about 90%.
Era: 1492
Region: the World
Global Context Analysis: Similar to when all lands in the Eastern Hemisphere joined together in the Indian Ocean trade and Silk Road.
Manila galleons
Definition: They were Spanish trading ships that made round-trip sailing voyages once or twice per year across the Pacific Ocean from the port of Acapulco in New Spain to Manila in the Spanish East Indies.
Era:1565
Region: South East Asia and Central America
Global Context Analysis:
Indian Ocean
Definition:
Era:
Region:
Global Context Analysis:
Volta do Mar
Definition: A strategy that Portuguese mariners made that allowed them to sail from the Canaries to Portugal.
Era: mid-15th century
Region: West Europe
Global Context Analysis: Similar to when India began to use the monsoon winds to take them somewhere and then back.
Ferdinand Magellan
Definition: First man to circumnavigate the world
Era:1519-1522
Region: The World
Global Context Analysis: Similar to when Da Gama travelled around Africa, but on a much larger scale.
English and Dutch Trading Posts
Definition: English/ Dutch made trading posts on Asian coasts and searched to channel trade through them (did not want to control trade in the sea) English focused on India while the Dutch were more broad.
Era:
Region: Africa, Indian Ocean
Global Context Analysis: Similar to when the Portuguese
Siberia
Definition: frozen tundras and dense forests that attracted Russia for its furs and Russia ended up taking it over.
Era: Russia began to take this land in 1581
Region: Northeastern Eurasia
Global Context Analysis: Similar to when the colonies in North America began to expand west and take the lands of the indigenous people
British Hegemony
Definition: Britain took place in the Seven Year’s War and they won their battles and lands. This put them in the position they needed to dominate world trade in the future and to establish a vast empire in the 19th century.
Era:
Region: West Europe and world
Global Context Analysis: Similar to when China was in the position to control trade and create a vast empire.
Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
Definition: when contagious diseases went to lands where the people had never been exposed to those diseases before and started epidemics that wiped out entire societies sometimes.
Era: Beginning 1519
Region: Americas
Global Context Analysis: Similar to when criminals in Australia brought diseases and it severely affected the indigenous people there.
Cape of Good Hope
Definition: An island at the tip of Africa.
Era:
Region: Africa
Global Context Analysis: