AP World History Ch. 24
Egyptian leader who modernized in 1800s. Ruled Egypt as Ottoman governor, but had imperial ideas. Descendants ruled Egypt until 1952. (1769-1849).
Originally slave infantry that used Firearms and were the main Ottoman army force. Abolished in 1826.
Ottoman province in Balkans that resisted Janissaries in early 19th century. Post-WWII central Yugoslovia. Leaders tried to maintain control until dissipation in 1990s.
Reforms of Ottoman rulers in 19th century. Separated civil law from religious power. Military & bureaucracy became more efficient.
War between Russia & Ottoman Empire on the Crimean Peninsula. British and French troops supported Ottomans to slow Russian expansion. (1853-1856).
Rights of Foreign residents in a country to disobey local laws and follow their native laws. European & American citizens in China/Ottoman were granted this in 19th & 20th Century.
Young intellectual movement for liberal reforms & creation of a Ottoman national identity in the years after 1850.
Russian intellectuals in early 1800s who resisted western influence and were proud of traditional values and traditions of the Slavic people.
Movement of Russian intellectuals in mid/late 1800s who identified themselves with the Slavic people of Eastern Europe.
Attempt to take control government after Tsar Alexander I died in 1825.
War between Britain and Qing Empire that was caused by Qing refusal to allow importation of Opium. Britain won and created Treaty of Nanking.
Hereditary military servants in Qing Empire. Usually descendants of the founders of the Empire.
Treaty of Nanking
Treaty at the end of the Opium War. Britain got money from Qing, Qing also lost ability for some tariffs. Ports also opened in Briton & Hong Kong given to British. (1842).
Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of forced treaties between Qing & other governments. Foreigners usually got extraterritoriality.
Clause in commercial treaties that awards later signatories to all privileges given to the original signatories.
Most destructive civil war before 1900. Christian influenced rural rebellion almost destroyed Qing empire. (1851-1864).