AP World History Ch.5

AP World History Ch.5

Yu
The last of the three great heroes of Chinese mythology. He was the person who dug out the Yellow River and made irrigation possible along the river. He then founded the Xia dynasty.
Oracle Bones
Items used to tell peoples future when thrown into a fire. They had Ancient Chinese writing, helping modern people understand Chinese writing
Book of Songs
One of the few books that survived the burning of the books. It contains songs and poems about common life in China
Qin
The dynasty that won in at the end of the period of warring states.
Mandate of Heaven
When the Zhou conquered the Shang they claimed this had passed onto them
Zhou
Last dynasty of Ancient China
loess
the yellow, fertile, soil along the Yellow River that gave it it’s color. It builds up and floods the Yellow River in long lasting and large floods.
Ao
One of the early capitals of the Shang Dynasty. It was a large economic center that had a massive wall, layers deep
Qin
The dynasty that was responsible for the burning of the books
Period of the Warring States
A time in China full of war and political chaos. Started after the fall of the Zhou dynasty as warlords fought for power trying to unify China
Zhou
A dynasty that fought for power with the Shang. They won and relied too heavily upon their administrators to govern their empire. This caused rebellion led by warlords.
tributary empire
The type of empire the Zhou led
Mandate of Heaven
An ancient Chinese belief that said heavenly powers grant the power to rule to deserving individuals.
Xia
The first dynasty in Ancient China
Shang
The Dynasty in which literature flourished
Xia
The dynasty that established a hereditary monarchy and centralized rule for a part of China.
They built up cities along the Yellow River and vested power in local kings to rule.
bronze
Shang emperors monopolized this material to prevent rebellion and strengthen their army
nomads
People to the north who constantly attacked China
Shang
The dynasty that conquered the Xia dynasty and always made sure to have family relationships with powerful peoples
veneration of ancestors
A religious practice in China that enforced the importance of family and a patriarchal society.