AP World History Chapter 1: Before History

AP World History Chapter 1: Before History

Austrapithecus
a hominid or human like species, they walked on two legs, were able to grasp objects and complete tasks, and had some verbal communication.
hominid
human and human like species
Homo erectus
possessed a larger brain than the austalopithecines, had more sophisticated tools that were used for defense as well as finding food, definitely had the use of fire
migrate
to move from location to location often based on finding food and on weather conditions
Homo Sapiens
possessed a large brain which gave them intelligence to exploit the natural world, complete increasingly complex tasks, and to establish their species throughout the world. They could make clothing out of animal skins and build shelters against the cold
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age, hunting and gathering, still no written record.
Neolithic
New Stone Age, agriculture, permanent dwellings, spike in population
cro-magnon
the first human beings of the fully modern type
venus figurines
early statues/sculptures created to worship or to try to influence events such as fertility.
Slash and Burn cultivation
one of the earlier methods of agriculture where they would make slash marks on trees to mark an area and then burn that part of forest down to create fertile farming land.
Agriculture
cultivation of crops and the domestication of animals
paleolithic bands
35 to 55 people, nomadic, hunters and gatherers
specialization of labor
occurred after the abundance of food from agriculture, craftsman could focus their skills on trades not relating to food
Metallurgy
a neolithic industry of using metal to create useful or decorative objects through different methods
Textile production
after people began raising crops and keeping animals neolithic people developed technologies for spinning fibers into threads and weaving the threads into cloth
Pottery
earliest of the three craft industries in neolithic times, it was used to store liquid or dry excess food. It became a medium of artistic expression as well as a source of practical utensils.
Social Distinctions
these were caused by the concentration of people into permanent settlements in the neolithic period, which gave people the first opportunity to accumulate land and personal wealth, which gave people enormous economic power.