AP World History Chapter 13 Vocabulary

AP World History Chapter 13 Vocabulary

Taika Reforms
Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
The Tale of Genjii
Written by Lady Muraski; first novel in any language; relates life history of prominent and amorous son of the Japanese emperor; evidence for mannered style of Japanese society.
Fujiwara
Japanese aristocratic family in mid-9th century; exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs; aided in decline of imperial power.
Bushi
Regional warrior leaders in Japan; ruled small kingdoms from fortresses; administered the law, supervised public works projects, and collected revenues; built up private armies.
Samurai
Mounted troops of Japanese warrior leaders; loyal to local lords, not the emperors.
Sepukku
Ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan; commonly known in West as hara-kiri; demonstrated courage and a means to restore family honor.
Taira
Powerful Japanese family in 11th and 12th centuries; competed with Minamoto family; defeated after Gempei Wars.
Minamoto
Defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei Wars and established military government in 12th-century Japan.
Gempei Wars
Waged for five years from 1180, on Honshu between Taira and Minamoto families; resulted in destruction of Taira.
Bakufu
Military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in military government and samurai.
Shoguns
Military leaders of the bakufu (military governments in Japan).
Hojo
Warrior family closely allied with Minamoto; dominated Kamakura regime and manipulated Minamoto rulers who claimed to rule in name of Japanese emperor at Kyoto.
Ashikaga Takuaji
Member of the Minamoto family; overthrew the Kamakura regime and established the Ashikaga Shogunate from 1336-1573; drove emperor from Kyoto to Yoshino.
Ashikaga Shogunate
Replaced the Kamakura regime in Japan; ruled from 1336-1573; destroyed rival Yoshino center of imperial authority.
Daimyos
Warlord rulers of 300 small states following civil war and disruption of Ashikaga Shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded mini-states.
Choson
Earliest Korean kingdom; conquered by Han emperor in 109 B.C.E.
Koguryo
Tribal people of northern Korea; established an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula in 37 B.C.E.; adopted cultural sinification.
Silla
Independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese Tan allies; submitted as a vassal of the Tang emperor and agreed to tribute payment; ruled united Korea by 668.
Paekche
Independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chines Tang allies in 7th century.
Sinification
Extensive adaptation of Chines culture in other regions; typical of Korean and Japan, less typical of Vietnam.
Khmers
Indianized rivals of the Vietnamized; moved into Mekong river delta region at time of Vietnamese drive to the south.
Trung Sisters
Leaders of one of the frequent peasant rebellions in Vietnam against Chinese rule; revolt broke out in 39 C.E.; demonstrates importance of Vietnamese women in indigenous society.
Chams
Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south.
Nguyen
Rival Vietnamese dynasty that arose in southern Vietnam to challenge traditional dynasty of Trinh in north at Hanoi; kingdom centered on Red and Mekong rivers; capital at Hue.
Trinh
Dynasty that ruled in north Vietnam at Hanoi, 1533-1772; rivals of Nguyen family in south.