AP World History Chapter 19 Key Terms

AP World History Chapter 19 Key Terms

Bantu Migrations
1000 BCE – 1100 CE
Bantu speaking people of West Africa moved south and east into the rainforests and towards the Congo River.
Sundiata
(1217-1255)
Founder of Mali Empire (West Africa), converted to Islam.
Gold-salt Trade
Gold and salt were the two most important items traded in the West African kingdoms; gold came from the south and salt came from the Sahara desert.
Kinship Groups
Early agricultural and technological development (about 8000 BCE to 3500 BCE) – Small groups of settlers grew into kinship-based villages that practiced both crop cultivation and domestication of animals. Tools and inventions helped villages to stabilize and eventually grow.
Creator God
A god that is responsible for the creation of the physical earth and the plants and animals that live upon it.
Sugar Cane
A plant from which sugar is made.
Stateless society
A society that is based on the authority of kinship groups rather than on a central government; describes a society without a centralized government organization having the supreme power to make and enforce rules, brought rudimentary order.
Mansa Musa
Mali king brought Mali to its peak of power and wealth from 1312 the 1337; he was the most powerful king in west Africa; translates as “king of kings”, and he helped promote Islam.
Ibn Battuta
Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan. Dictated his reminiscences, which became one of the world’s most famous travel books, the Rihlah, providing insight
Age groups
Division of work where people are divided by age group and live and progress through life with others of your age (Perticually harsh when EU. would take whole age-sets for slaves) Almost like a “class”.
Cotton
Introduced into West Africa by Muslims; cotton fabrics became popular with the ruling elites and the wealthy people by 1100. By 1500, it was the principal textile produced in sub-Saharan Africa.