AP World History Chapter 7 Vocab

AP World History Chapter 7 Vocab

Meroe
Capital of a flourishing kingdom in southern Nubia from the fourth century B.C.E. to the fourth century C.E.. In this period Nubian culture shows more independence from Egypt and the influence of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Axum
a town of northern Ethiopia. From the first to the eighth century A.D. it was the capital of an empire that controlled much of northern Ethiopia
Niger Valley Civilization
a civilization that developed on the western interior of Africa, south of the Saharan desert. Key feature is that during the Classical period its political organization was almost totally devoid of central authority.
Bantu expansion
Bantu-speaking people who expanded their territory vastly; acquired iron technology and learned to breed livestock and grow grain crops that were better than their previous yams
Mayan Civilization
a member of a major pre-Columbian civilization of the Yucatán Peninsula that reached its peak in the 9th century a.d. and produced magnificent ceremonial cities with pyramids, a sophisticated mathematical and calendar system, hieroglyphic writing, and fine sculpture, painting, and ceramics.
Teotihuacan
first major metropolis in Mesoamerica, collapsed around 800 CE. It is most remembered for the gigantic “pyramid of the sun”.
Chavin
the first major South American civilization, which flourished in the highlands of what is now Peru from about 900 to 200 B.C.
Moche
Civilization of north coast of Peru (200-700 C.E.). An important Andean civilization that built extensive irrigation networks as well as impressive urban centers dominated by brick temples.
Chaco Phenomenon
Ancestral Puebloan civilization that centered on the Great Houses of Chaco Canyon, ca. 800-1150 C.E.
Mound Builders/Cahokia
members of any culture east of the Mississippi in what is now USA who built mounds of earth.
Cahokia- mound building center near St. Louis, Missouri.