AP World History Chapter 8 Notecards

AP World History Chapter 8 Notecards

Song Dynasty
definition – succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period; 960-1279

significance – It had many cultural and political achievements, such as the economic revolution.

Sui Dynasty
definition – ruling dynasty of China (589-618 CE) that effectively reunited the country after several centuries of political fragmentation

significance – It is when China regained its unity.

Tang Dynasty
definition – ruling dynasty of China (618-917 CE); noted for its openness to foreign cultural influences

significance – It was “the best ordered state in the world.”

Hangzhou
definition – capital of Song dynasty

significance – It was “beyond dispute the finest and noblest [city] in the world.”

economic revolution
definition – rapid population growth, economic speculation, increase in industrial production and innovations in Song dynasty

significance – It made China “by far the richest, most skilled, and most populas country on Earth.”

foot binding
definition – practice in Chinese society to mutilate women’s feet in order to make them smaller

significance – It was associated with images of female beauty and eroticism.

tribute system
definition – Chinese method of dealing with foreign lands and people that assumed the subordination of all non-Chinese authorities and required all foreigners access to China pay tribute

significance – It was a system that attempted to regulate their relationships with northern nomads.

Khitan/Jurchen people
definition – nomadic people who established a state that included parts of northern China

significance – It was a nomadic group who “picked up the pieces” after the collapse of the Tang dynasty.

chu nom
definition – a logographic writing system used to write the Vietnamese language

significance – It provided a basis for an independent national literature and a vehicle for the writing of most educated women.

Izumi Shikibu
definition – a mid Heian period Japanese poet

significance – She wrote about political posturing and the love affairs of aristocratic men and women.

Xiongnu
definition – a major nomadic confederation that was established in 200 BCE and eventually reached from Manchuria to Central Asia

significance – It persuaded a Chinese emperor to negotiate an arrangement that recognized the nomadic state as a political equal.

Silla Dynasty (Korea)
definition – the first ruling dynasty to bring a measure of political unity to the Korean peninsula

significance – It allied with China to bring political unity to the peninsula for the first time.

hangul
definition – a phonetic alphabet in Korea in the 14th century

significance – It helped Korea move toward greater cultural independence.

Shotoku Taishi
definition – Japanese statesmen who launched the drive to make Japan into a centralized bureaucratic state modeled on China

significance – He launched a series of large-scale missions to China.

bushido
definition – the “way of the warrior”

significance – It was a distinct set of values for samurais.

Chinese Buddhism
definition – entered China through cultural accommodations

significance – It was useful to helping nomadic rulers govern northern China because it was foreign.

Emperor Wendi
definition – Sui emperor who patronized Buddhism

significance – He was responsible for the monasteries constructed at the base of China’s five sacred mountains.