AP World History Chapter 9 Strayer

An Lushan
Foreign-born general who led a major revolt against the Tang dynasty in 755-763, perhaps provoking China’s turn to xenophobia
Chinese Buddhism
China’s only large-scale cultural borrowing before the 20th century. Was popular between 300-800ce. Suffered persecution during the 9th century
Bushido
The “way of the warrior”, referring to the military virtues of the Japanese samurai, including bravery, loyalty and an emphasis on death over surrender
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Chu Nom
A variation of Chinese writing developed in Vietnam that became the basis for an independent national literature
Foot Binding
Chinese practice of tightly wrapping girls’ feet to keep them small. Begun in the tang dynasty
Hangul
A phonetic alphabet created in Korea in the fifteenth century
Kami
Sacred spirits of Japan, whether ancestors or natural phenomenon; their worship later came to be called Shinto
Heian
Japan’s second capital city, modeled on the Chinese capital of Chang’an
Hangzhou
China’s capital city during the Song dynasty, with a population of more than a million people
Jurchen
A nomadic people that established a state that included parts of northern China
Koryo
Korean dynasty (918-1392)
Murasaki Shikibu
A woman author from Japan. Active in the Heian court. Wrote around 1000ce
Khitan
A nomadic people who established a state that included parts of northern china (901-1125)
Nara
Japan’s first capital city modeled on the Chinese capital city of Chang’an
Kumsong
The capital of Korea in the medieval era, modeled on the Chinese capital of Chang’an
Pure Land Buddhism
A school of Buddhism that proved to be immensely popular in China; emphasized salvation by faith in the Amitabha Buddha
Silla dynasty
The first ruling dynasty to bring a measure of political unity to the Korean peninsula (688-900ce)
Neo-Confucianism
A philosophy that emerged in Song-dynasty China; it revived Confucian thinking while adding in Buddhist and Daoist elements
Shotoku Taishi
Japanese statesman (572-622) who launched the drive to make Japan into a centralized bureaucratic state modeled on China; he is best known for the Seventeen Article Constitution
Samurai
Members of Japan’s warrior class, which developed as political power became increasingly decentralized
Song Dynasty Economic Revolution
A major economic quickening that took place in China under the Song dynasty (960-1279ce) marked by rapid population growth, urbanization, economic specialization, the development of an immense network of internal waterways, and a great increase in industrial production and innovation
Tribute System
Chinese method of dealing with foreign lands and people’s that assumed the subordination of all non-Chinese authorities and required the payment of tribute to the Chinese emperor
Tanka
Highly stylized form of Japanese poetry that has been a favored means of expression for centuries
Sui Dynasty
Ruling dynasty of China (589-618ce) that effectively reunited the country after several centuries of political fragmentation
Tang Dynasty
Ruling dynasty of China from (618-907ce) noted for its openness to foreign cultural influence
Trung Sisters
Two Vietnamese sisters who launched a major revolt against the Chinese presence in Vietnam in 39ce.
Korean Dynasty (1392-1910)
Yi
Xiongnu
Major confederacy that was established around 200 bce. and eventually reached from Manchuria to Central Asia
Uighurs
Turkic empire of the steppes, flourished in the 8th century
Wendi, Emperor
Sui emperor (581-604) who particularly patronized Buddhism

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