AP World History Chapter 9 Terms

AP World History Chapter 9 Terms

Justinian
Eastern Roman emperor between 527 and 565 CE; tried to restore unity of old Roman Empire; issued most famous compilation of Roman Law; extended later Roman architecture (ex. Hagia Sopia)
Manzikert
Seljuk Turk victory over Byzantine
Tartars
Mongols; captured Russian cities and largely destroyed Kievan state in 1236; left Russian Orthodoxy and aristocracy intact
Cyril and Methodius
Byzantine missionaries sent to convert eastern Europe and the Balkans; responsible for creating the Slavic written script called Cyrillic.
Body of civil laws
Justinian’s codification of Roman law; revised Roman law as coherent basis for political and economic life
Kiev
Political center of eastern Slav. It established political and social relations with Byzantine Empire. Later it was overthrown by Mongols.
Vladimir I
Ruler of Russian kingdom of Kiev from 980 to 1015; converted kingdom to Christianity
Bulgaria
Slavic kingdom established in northern portions of Balkan peninsula; constant source of pressure on Byzantine Empire; defeated by Emperor Basil II in 1014
Russian Orthodoxy
Russian form of Christianity brought from the Byzantine Empire.
Iconoclasm
A challenge to or overturning of traditional beliefs, customs, and values, any movement against the religious use of images
Icon
a conventional religious painting in oil on a small wooden panel
Boyars
Russian landholding aristocrats; possessed less political power than their western European counterparts
Hagia sophia
Most famous example of Byzantine architecture, it was built under Justinian I and is considered one of the most perfect buildings in the world.