AP World History- Chinese Dynasties

AP World History- Chinese Dynasties

Shang Dynasty
The 1st Chinese Dynasty.
Ruled from 1766 to 1122 BCE.
The development of the written Chinese.
Oracle bones were used to write questions or predictions about the future.
Zhou Dynasty
The 2nd Chinese Dynasty.
Mandate of Heaven
Placed great emphasis on Ancestor Veneration
Strong elite ruling class
Lost control of empire- Warring States Period
Qin Dynasty
Ended the Warring States Period.
Centralized Bureaucracy.
Legalist.
Han Dynasty
Centralized Bureaucracy.
Built roads and canals.
Confucianism
Civil Service Exam
Foreign Expansion
Tributary System
Sui Dynasty
After fall of Han, they reunited China
Buddhism and Confucian Civil Service Exam
Construction of the Grand Canal
Tang Dynasty
Expanded to Tibet and Korea
Completed the Grand Canal
Buddhism (until anti-Buddhist movement), Daoism, and Confucianism
Civil Service Exam
Declined as higher taxation created tensions
Song Dynasty
Reestablished centralized rule.
Reestablished the Tribute System.
Most powerful navy in the world- magnetic compasses.
Foot-binding
Military threats and nomadic invasions led to fall.
Yuan Dynasty
First time China was under foreign rule.
Strong Centralized government.
Foreigners were employed in the bureaucracy
No civil service exam
Chinese separated from the Mongols
Welcomed merchants and foreigners (increased trade)
Ming Dynasty
Reestablished authority over China after foreign rule
Refurbished navy
Age of Exploration.
Expeditions led by Zheng He
Taken over by peasant army
Qing Dynasty
Under rule of foreigners for the 2nd time (the Manchus).
Created a large army
Expanded their rule through military conquest.
Effort to mimic Chinese culture
Used civil service exam
Forbade intermarriage
Forced Chinese men to wear the queue, or a braid
Wars and Rebellions weakened empire