AP World History Civilizations

AP World History Civilizations

MFeatures of civilization
Advanced civilizations, advanced technology, complex institutions, specialized workers, record keeping
Venus figures
Futility figures, size equals wealth
Ancient Mesopotamia is located wher
Fertile crescent between tigris and euphrates rivers
Ancient Mesopotamia had what
City states
What is a city state
A city and its surrounding country side
Sedentary agriculture led to what
Property, laws, government, social stratification, gender inequalities, formal religion, population growth.
What was the government like in Mesopotamia
Early on it was a theocracy, where the priest king would govern a city state, later on they had kings
When did the summaries begin
3500 BCE
City states evolved into
empires
Empire is
expansion, conquest, multiregional, EMPIRES ALWAYS FALL
Hammurabis code was developed when
c.1800 BCE
Summaries developed the first civilization where
Mesopotamia
Sumerians created the first advanced
society
How did religion effect sumarian culture
Yes, religion played a huge role in culture
What did summaries believe
That there was over 3,000 gods and that they had to appease the gods to prevent natural disasters
Usually art and literature focused on what in sumar
The gods
What did the summariens build to worship their gods
ziggurats
Was summer socially stratified
Yes
Was slavery common in sumur if it was what type of slave did they have
Yes, the had classical slaves
What is classical slaves
They are temporary slaves
Were the sumarians patriarchal, and what rights did women have
Yes, women could hold occupations
What is some inventions that have come from sumar
Wheel, plow, sail, metallurgy, cuniform, and a system of numbers
What is cuniform
A early system of writing
Ancient Egypt was relatively
Isolated
What did the nile provide for Egypt
Transportation, water, silt
How did Egypt control the nile
They controlled the nile by making canals and dams
What are the two parts of egypt
Lower Egypt = north
Upper Egypt = south
Menes
First Egyptian King, he unified lower and upper egypt.
When was the Egyptian government formed
In 3000 BCE
How is Egypt’s history split up
Old kingdom, middle kingdom, and new kingdom
The Egyptian government was a
Theocracy
Could women be pharaohs
Yes
What was the religion in Egypt
Polytheistic, gods had human and animal qualities, beleived in afterlife.
What did Egypt do to its dead
They mummified them
What were pyramids used for
Pharaoh’s tombs
Was it society stratified in Egypt
Yes
Was it hard to move up class in Egypt
Yes
Did women have more rights in Egypt than most places in the ancient world, if so what could they do
Yes- divorce, own property, propose marriage
What were some inventions that the ancient Egyptions had
– Hyrogliphics on papyrus, mathematics/geometry, calender system (with 365 days)
When did cities emerge in the indus driver valley
2500 BCE
Were the city states unified in the indus river valley
Yes, they were culturally unified
Theory as to why indus river civilization disipears
Environmental disaster, vs arian invasion
How was the indus valley religion
Polytheistic, later influence hinduism
How was the indus river civilization cities planned
Very well, had plumbing system
Indus river valley wrighting system
Undescypherable
Chinese dynasties
Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing republic, Mao Zedong
Ancient china was based off what river
Huang he
China was developed in
Isolation
Shang dynasty emerged when
c. 1500 BCE
Chinese cities were surround by
earth walls
Filial piote
Family at the center of society,to be good to one’s parents and to take care of one’s parents
How did family go in china
Father, older son, younger son, mom, daughter
Women were _______________ in china
Subordinate
Chinese believe that spirits of the ___________ can bring __________ _______ ____ _______
family ancestors, good fortune and luck
The Shang dynasty is known for
Silk, oracle bones, bronze
Mandate of heaven
A political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
The olmec lived where and when did they start
Mesa-America in dance tropical forests, c.1400-400 BCE
Omelet had several what
City states with a common culture
Did the olmecs have social hierarchy, if so who was at top
Yes, the chieftains
Laborers were forced to build what in the olmec civilization
Temples and palaces
What was the olmec religion
Polytheistic, gods are a blend of animal, human
Shamans organized what in the olmec civilization
religious ceremonies
Religion in sumar led to the development of a
Writing system and calendar system
What are some examples of olmec art
Olmec heads, pyramids and temple mounds, jaguars
Norte chico society began where and when
In pure about 3000-1800 BCE
Norte chico is famous for its
Architecture and use of the quipu for records keeping
Legacy of ancient civilizations is
Writing systems, technology,
When did ancient civilizations begin to decline
1000 BCE
Why did ancient civilizations begin to decline
Nomadic tribes
Political and cultural centers shift to new locations exept in
China