AP World History General Vocabulary Set 1

Abate
To make less in amount, to subside, to nullify, to deduct, omit
Absolutism
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator. Popular during the years 1650-1750
Adjacent
Near, next to, adjoining.
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Agrarian
Concerning farms, farmers, or the use of land
Agriculture
Farming
Anthropomorphic
Attributing human characteristics or qualities to objects, animals, or gods
Aristocracy
A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
Avarice
A greedy desire, particularly for wealth
Bias
A particular preference or point of view that is personal, rather than scientific
Buddhism
A religion based on the teachings of the Buddha
Bureaucracy
A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
Capital
The most important city or town of a country or region, usually its seat of government and administrative center
Capitalism
An economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, esp. as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.
Capitulate
To end resistance, give up, surrender, throw in the towel
Centralized
Empires and states developed increasingly _________ governments to administer and organize their subjects (600 BCE to 600 CE, in China, Persia, Rome etc.)
Charlatan
A fake, fraud, imposter, cheat
Chattel
An item of personal, movable property; slave. Any article of tangible property other than land, buildings, and other things annexed to land
Chiefdom
A system of government in which the leader relies on generosity, ritual status, or charisma rather than force to win obedience from the people
Christianity
A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
City-State
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
Civilization
A complex, highly organized society
Clergy
Church officials
Coerce
To compel, force
Colonialism
Attempt by one country to establish settlements in another territory. This was common from 1400-1700s
Colony
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere
Communism
A form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
Confucianism
A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct
Copious
Abundant, plentiful
Culture
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people
Daoism
Philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
Deforestation
Destruction of forests
Demography
Scientific study of human populations
Derive
obtain something from a specified source
Diaspora
Communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland.
Divine
Pertaining to God
Dynasty
A sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
Economic
Of or relating to economics or the economy.
Study of how societies decide what to produce, how to produce it, and how to distribute what they produce
Edict
An official order issued by someone in authority
Egalitarian
A person who believes in the equality of all people
Empire
An extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority.

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