AP World History – Islam and Sikhism

AP World History – Islam and Sikhism

Location of Sikhism
Punjab (NW India)
When did Sikhism develop?
15th century
How many people practice Sikhism?
27 million; 9th largest religion
Founder of Sikhism?
Guru Nanak
Teacher and student of Sikhism?
Guru; Sikh
2 of the 5 k’s
Kesh – uncut hair
Kara – iron bracelet (constant bond with God)
What does Sikhism reject?
Caste system
Islam is a _______________________ faith.
Monotheistic
What are followers of Islam referred to as?
Muslims
God of Islam?
Allah
What is the Qu’ran?
The record of Allah’s words transmitted through Muhammad
how is salvation achieved in Islam?
Submission to the will of Allah by following 5 pillars
5 Pillars of Islam
1. Confession of Faith
2. Prayer 5 times daily
3. Charity to the needy
4. Fasting during month of Ramadan
5. Pilgrimage (Hajj) to Mecca at least once
What is the Hajj?
Pilgrimage to Mecca
What is the connection between Islam and Christianity/Judaism?
Islam accepts Abraham, Moses, and Jesus as prophets but not Jesus as the Son of God
Who was the last great prophet?
Muhammad
What is a central belief of Islam?
All people are equal before God and everyone should be converted to the faith