AP World History Period 2 Vocab

Administrative
of or relating to the running of a business, organization, etc.
Animism
the belief in a supernatural power that organizes and animates the material universe.
Autocracies
An autocracy is a system of government in which a supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of coup d’état or mass insurrection).
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Caste
each of the hereditary classes of Hindu society, distinguished by relative degrees of ritual purity or pollution and of social status.
Classical
of or relating to ancient Greek or Latin literature, art, or culture.
Codification
Convergence
the process or state of converging.
Decentralized
transfer (authority) from central to local government.
Diaspora
Jews living outside Israel
Distinctive
characteristic of one person or thing, and so serving to distinguish it from others.
Divinity
a divine being; a god or goddess.
Empirical
based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.
Ethical
of or relating to moral principles or the branch of knowledge dealing with these, morally good or correct
Exploit
use (a situation or person) in an unfair or selfish way.
Filial piety
In Confucian philosophy, filial piety is a virtue of respect for one’s parents and ancestors.
Fortifications
a defensive wall or other reinforcement built to strengthen a place against attack.
Governance
the action or manner of governing.
Hellenistic
of or relating to Greek history, language, and culture from the death of Alexander the Great to the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian in 31 BC. During this period Greek culture flourished, spreading through the Mediterranean and into the Near East and Asia and centering on Alexandria in Egypt and Pergamum in Turkey.
Imperial
of or relating to an empire.
Infrastructures
the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
Integrate
bring (people or groups with particular characteristics or needs) into equal participation in or membership of a social group or institution.
Interregional
Of, involving, or connecting two or more regions
Intraregional
Within the same region
Linguistic
of or relating to language or linguistics.
Manifestations
an event, action, or object that clearly shows or embodies something, especially a theory or an abstract idea.
Maritime
connected with the sea, especially in relation to seafaring commercial or military activity.
Migrations
movement of people to a new area or country in order to find work or better living conditions.
Monasticism
onasticism (“alone”) or monkhood is a religious way of life in which one renounces worldly pursuits to devote oneself fully to spiritual work.
Monetization
Monetization is the process of converting or establishing something into legal tender. It usually refers to the coining of currency or the printing of banknotes by central banks.
Monsoon
seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon ), or from the northeast between October and April (the dry monsoon ).
Pathogens
a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease.
Patriarchy
a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line.
Persist
continue firmly or obstinately in an opinion or a course of action in spite of difficulty, opposition, or failure.
Shamanism
a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to encounter and interact with the spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world.
Transformed
make a thorough or dramatic change in the form, appearance, or character of.
Transregional
Meaning across a region
Veneration
great respect; reverence.

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