AP WORLD HISTORY UNIT 2 TEST STUDY GUIDE

AP WORLD HISTORY UNIT 2 TEST STUDY GUIDE

List the Persian empires is their correct order chronologically.
Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, Sasanid
Who was the founder of the Achaemenid empire?
Cyrus
Who was the greatest of the Achaemenid emperors?
Darius
What were Satrapies?
administrative and taxation districts governed by satraps
Who were the Persian “eyes and ears of the king”?
Spies
Which Persian king regularized tax levies and standardized laws?
Darius
What was the center of the Persian communications network?
The Royal Road
Who used the words, “neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of the appointed rounds,” to describe the Persian courier service?
Herodotus
What were the quanats?
Underground Canals
Sima Qian was…
A historian sentence to punishment by casteration
The collection of Confucian sayings And teachings is known as the what?
Analects
How did Confucious think social and economical harmony can be achieved?
Could not be solved by addressing abstruse and philosophical character
What philosophy criticized social activism and instead proposed a life of reflection and introspection?
Daoism
The first ruler to unite all of China was whom?
Qin Shihuangdi
According to the Legalist philosophies of the Qin, what were the foundations of a states strength?
Armed forces and agriculture
Who founded the Han Dynasty?
Lui Bang
What divides the Former Han and the Later Han?
The Reign of Wang Mang
How did Han Wudi transform China in 124 B.C.E?
By establishing an imperial university that prepared young man for government service
Which popular treatise emphasized humility, obedience, subservience, in devotion to their husbands as the virtues most appropriate for women?
Adominitions for women
Who was the first ruler to unify India?
Chandragupta Maurya
Who was Kautayla?
A systematic advisor who devised procedures for the governance of Chandragupta’s realm
What work records the harsh political philosophy of Chandragupta Maurya and Kautalya?
Arthashastra
Against whom did the Mauryan emperor Ashoka fight his bloodies battle?
Kilinga
The high point of Mauryan success came during who’s reign?
Ashoka
What decision proved to be one of the biggest financial problem of the later Mauryan period?
Debase the currency
What happened to India after the collapse of the Mauryan Empire?
India returned to a series of regional kingdoms
The year 320 C.E. saw the creation of the Gupta dynasty by whom?
Chandra Gupta
Essentially, much of the responsibility of maintaining social orders in India during these years fell to whom?
Jati
The success and timing of trade, through the Indian Basin, largely depended on what?
Monsoon winds
What was the political structure of the ancient Greeks?
Usually consisted of independent autonomous city-states.
The Greeks used the word polis to refer to what?
The city-state.
The Spartans were constantly afraid of the prospect of an uprising by serfs known as the what?
Helots.
To whom was the Athenian Democracy open?
All Athenian Citizens
What Greek leader forged a compromise between Athens’s social classes by allowing the aristocrats to keep their land while also providing representation for the common classes?
Solon
The naval loss at Salamis was viewed by which Persian King?
Xerxes
Who won the Peloponnesian War?
Sparta
In the years after the Persian War, who was the leader of the Delian League?
Athens
By 338 B.C.E., the Greeks have been conquered by whom?
Phillip II
The largest part of Alexander’s conquests, essentially from the former Achaemenid empire, was taken over by whom?
Seleucus
According to legend, who founded Rome?
Romulus ( and Remus)
During its early history, who dominated Rome?
Etruscans
In the early ages of the Roman republic, the patricians elected two what?
Consuls
Which group, in and effort to alleviate social tensions, was allowed to elect two and then later ten tribunes?
Plebeians
During times of crisis the Romans would appoint and official with absolute power known as a what?
Dictator
During the Punic Wars, the Romans first fought the Carthaginians over the most important source of grains in the western Mediterranean. Where was it?
Sicily
What were Latifundia?
Enormous plantations worked by slaves.
After naming himself dictator in 46 B.C.E, what did Julius Ceasar do?
Gave land to the conservatives to win their favor.
Whose reign began the pax romana?
Augustus Ceasar
The Roman had a long tradition of written law, stretching back to 449 B.C.E. and the creation of what?
Twelve Tables.
What are the foundations of Roman Law?
The principle that defendants were innocent until proven guilty, the notion that defendants had a right to challenge their accusers before a judge in a court of law, the ability to judges to set aside laws that were inequitable ( *THE RIGHT OF A PATRICIAN TO TRANSFER OUT OF A PLEBEIAN COURT WAS NOT A FOUNDATION*)
Who fought int he Punic Wars?
Rome and Carthage*
From 66 to 70 C.E., the Romans fought a bloody with whom?
Jews
The term “paterfamilias” refers to what?
Father of the family
Which major religion was not popular during the Roman Empire?
Islam
Who was the leading figure in the expansion of Christianity beyond Judaism?
Paul of Tarsus
The information that Zhang Qian brought back encouraged Han Wudi to destroy the Xiongnu and lay the foundations for what?
Silk Road
What was a key element in establishing trade across the Indian Ocean?
Mastering the Monsoon System
In the ancient world, who was the main producer of silk?
China
In what way did Buddhism spread to China?
By foreign merchants
The fact that by the first century C.E. southeast Asian kings called themselves “rajas” shows how they were influenced by who?
Iniands
How was Christianity carried to Anatolia during the third century C.E.?
Gregory the Wonderworker
By around the year 600 CE the ravage of epidemic disease had caused both the Mediterranean and Chinese population to fall by how much?
About a quarter
In the year 184 CE peasant discontent in China led to an uprising known as the what?
Yellow Turban Rebellion
What happened to China after the collapse of political order and the fall of the Han Empire?
Daoism and Buddhism became popular
Who were the “barracks emperors”?
The Roman emperors between 235 and 284 C.E.
Who divided the Roman empire into two parts?
Diocletian
After 330 C.E., what city became the capital of the Rome world?
Constantinople
Chaos threatened the Roman Empire in the mid-fifth century C.E., when Germanic tribes poured into the empire for protection from whom?
Attila
In 410 C.E., who sacked Rome?
Visigoths
After the collapse of the western half of the Roman Empire, where did the imperial authority survive for another thousand years?
Byzantine Empire
What Roman emperor proclaimed Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire?
Theodosius
In the structure of the early Christian church, who presided over the dioceses?
Bishops
What proclamation, issued by the Emperor Constantine, allowed Christians to openly practice their religion in Rome?
Edict of Milan