AP World History – Unit 3 Ch7

ayllus
In Incan society, a clan or community that worked together on projects required by the ruler
Aztecs
Ancient civilization (1200-1521AD) that was located in what is present-day Mexico City
Cahokia
an ancient settlement of southern Indians, located near present day St. Louis, it served as a trading center for 40,000 at its peak in A.D. 1200.
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chinampas
floating farming islands made by the Aztec
classical, post-classical Mesoamerica
The growth of Mesoamerica during the classical and post-classical periods
It was during the Classical and post-classical eras that Meso-America started having Civilizations develop which proves that civilization was possible though Mesoamerica was isolated from the rest of the world
Inca
a ruler of the Incas (or a member of his family), Largest and most powerful Andean empire. Controlled the Pacific coast of South America from Ecuador to Chile from its capital of Cuzco.
khipus
a system of knotted chords used to aid administration, record population counts and record tribute obligations (used by Andean civilizations)
Maya
Mesoamerican civilization concentrated in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula and in Guatemala and Honduras but never unified into a single empire. Major contributions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar.
mit’a
a system in which each person owed compulsory labor services to the Inca state
Moche
Civilization of north coast of Peru (100-700 C.E.). An important Andean civilization that built extensive irrigation networks as well as impressive urban centers dominated by brick temples.
Quechua
the language of the Quechua which was spoken by the Incas
Quetzacoatl
ruler and god of the Mayan
slash and burn (shifting) agriculture
of a method of agriculture, in which vegetation is felled and burned, the land is cropped for a few years, then the forest is allowed to reinvade.
stelae
Large memorial pillars erected to commemorate triumphs and events in the lives of Maya rulers
Tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
Teotihuacan
Mayan central city which grew rapidly after 200 B.C.E. Center of religion and government administration
Toltecs
Central American society (950-1150) that was centered around the city of Tula.
Topiltzin
most influential toltec leader; dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl
tribute system
A system in which defeated peoples were forced to pay a tax in the form of goods and labor. This forced transfer of food, cloth, and other goods subsidized the development of large cities. An important component of the Aztec and Inca economies.

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