Ap world history Vocab Chapter 7

Ancestral Pueblo
Formerly known as the Anasazi, this people established a mixed agricultural and gathering/hunting society in the southwestern part of North America
Apedemek
The lion god of classical Meroe; his popularity shows a turn away from Egyptian cultural influence.
Axum
Classical-era kingdom of East Africa, in present-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia; flourished from 100 to 600 C.E
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Bantu Expansion
Gradual migration of Bantu-speaking peoples from their homeland in what is now southern Nigeria and that Cameroons into most of eastern and southern Africa, a process that began around 3000 BCE and continued for several millennia ; The agricultural techniques and ironworking technology of Bantu-speaking farmers gave them an advantage over the gathering and hunting peoples they encountered
Batwa
Forest-dwelling people of Central Africa who adopted some of the ways of their Bantu neighbors while retaining distinctive features of their own culture; also known as “Pygmies”
Cahokia
The dominant center of an important Mississippi valley mound-building culture, located near present-day St. Louis, Missouri; flourished from about 900 to 1250 C.E
Chaco Phenomenon
Name given to a major process of settlement and societal organization that occurred in the period 860-1130 C.E among the peoples of Chaco canyon, in what is now northwestern New Mexico ; the society formed is notable for its settlement in large pueblos and for the building of hundreds of miles of roads (the purpose of which is not known);
Chavin
Andean town that was the center of a large Peruvian religious movement from around 900 to 200 B.C.E
Coptic Christianity
the Egyptian variety of Christianity, distinctive in its belief that Christ had only a single, divine nature
Ezana
King of Axum in early fourth century CE; established Christianity in his state
Hopewell Culture
Named from its most important site; most elaborate and widespread of the North American mound building cultures; flourish from 200 bce to 400 ce
Jenne-jeno
Largest and most fully studied of the cities of the Niger Valley civilization
Maya
The major classical civilization of Mesoamerica; flourished from 250 to 900 ce
Meroe
City in southern Nubia that was the center of Nubian civilization between 300 BCE and 100 CE
Moche
An important regional civilization of Peru, governed by warrior-priests; flourished from around 100 to 800 C.E
Mound Builders
Members of any of a number of cultures that developed east of the Mississippi River in what is now the United States and that are distinguished by their large earthern mounds,built during the period 2000 bce – 1250 ce
Nazca
A civilization of southern coastal Peru; the Nazca became famous for its underground irrigation channels and its gigantic and mysterious lines in the desert in the form of monkeys, birds, spiders, and other design
Niger Valley Civilization
Distinctive city-based civilization that flourished from about 300 bce to about 900 ce; in the floodplain of the middle Niger and that included major cities like Jenne-jeno; the Niger valley civilization is particularly noteworthy for its apparent lack of centralize state structure, having veen organized in clusters of economically specialized settlements
Pueblo
“Great house” of the Ancestral Pueblo people; a large, apartment building-like structure that could house hundreds of people
“Semi-Sedentary”
Term frequently used to describe the peoples of the eastern woodlands of the United States, Central America, the Amazon basin, and the Caribbean islands who combined partial reliance on agriculture with gathering and hunting
Teotihuacan
The largest city of pre- Columbian America, with a population between 100,000 and 200,000; seemingly built to a loan in the Valley of Mexico, Teotihuacan flourished between 300 and 600 C.E., Aztec term meaning “city of gods”
Tikal
Major Maya city, with a population of perhaps 50,000 people
ancient Greece
In their political organization, the Maya were most like…
city-states
What was the political organization of the Maya?
List three of the cultural achievements of the Mayan civilization.
– the most elaborate writing system
-records of historical events, data, and texts
– temples, pyramids, palaces, and public plazas

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