AP World History Vocabulary Ch. 17
A Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul.
A Frankish dynasty founded by Charlemagne’s father (Clovis) that ruled from 751 to 987
A Germanic tribe who settled primarily in Spain; the first such group to lay siege to Rome
A Germanic tribe that attacked Rome in 476 AD. The Leader was Odoacar, who kicked out the last Roman Emperor. Settled in Italy from 5th Century until 530s
Germanic people who had settled in northern Italy and were pushing south, threatening Rome; crushed by Charlemagne
Germanic invaders who overran the western half of the Roman Empire that moved into Central Gaul
Germanic tribe that settled in Britain
Germanic tribes from northern Germany who settled in Britain
Religion which believed that Christ was only a mortal man begotten of God and reduced his role to the lesser demigod. The Goths practiced this.
Royal officials under Charlemagne who traveled around the country to enforce the king’s laws (spies)
A group that traded and raided Europe throughout the 800s. Traveled as far as North America.
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
system that described economic and political relations between landlors and thier peasant laborers during the Middle Ages; exchanged labor for access to land
5th century Frankish leader of a large kingdom who converted to Christianity
(768-814 CE) Crowned king of Holy Roman Empire in 800 CE by the pope; brought back unified rule to Europe only during his life; created the missi dominici to check up on imperial officials.
(688-741 C.E.), a Frankish leader stopped the Muslim advance in its tracks as it tried to advance toward Paris at Battle of Tours
Germanic Visigoth leader who ended the western Roman Empire in 476 and became the first barbarian ruler of Italy (434-493)
Pope Leo III
Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor on Christmas Day, 800 CE
He stopped the Norse/Viking invasion of England in the 800’s and united England
King Otto I of Saxony
Ended the Maygar threat & pope proclaimed him Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (962)
Christian Saint who developed a guide for Christian monastic life (480CE – 547CE)
482-543 sister to St. Benedict adapted his Rules into guidance for women in convents
Pope Gregory I
590-604 CE; created papple primacy – Pope is highest position
Settled by Visigoths
Settled by Ostrogoths and Lombards and was center of Roman Empire
Capital of Charlemagne’s empire, c. 800
Holy Roman Empire
Born 962 collapsed 1870; rewarded by Pope Leo III to Charlemagne then passed on to Louis the Pius who lost control and his three sons split the empire causing it to collapse
Settled by Saxons and Angles