AP World History – Ways of the World – Chapter 1 & 2

Venus figurines
term given to mostly European Paleolithic statuettes with women depicted with curvy bodies, large bottoms, breasts, Made to encourage fertility in women.
Clovis Culture
The Clovis culture is a prehistoric Paleo-Indian culture, named after distinct stone tools found at sites near Clovis, New Mexico. Ancestors of most of the indigenous American cultures, came from the Clovis projectile point in Northwestern Unites States, where they then all separated.
Austronesian migrations
the last phase of the great human migration that established a human presence in every habitable region on the earth. Austronesian-speaking people settled the Pacific islands and Madagascar in a series of seaborne migrations that began around 3500 years ago.
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Shamans
a person regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world of good and evil spirits, especially among some peoples of northern Asia and North America. Typically such people enter a trance state during a ritual, and practice divination and healing.
Fertile Crescent
Mesopotamia, region in the middle east where many civilizations began, fertile because it is in between two rivers…
Diffusion
The spread of ideas and elements of a culture from one culture to another.
Bantu migration
Series of migrations of the Bantu people from the Congo River to Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania for famine, drought, etc… Pros: iron working, crops, government. Cons: loss of culture
“secondary products” revolution
A term used to describe the series of technological changes that began ca. 4000 BCE, as people began to develop new uses for their domesticated animals, exploiting a new source of power.
pastoral societies
A human society that relies on domesticated animals rather than plants as the main source of food; lead their animals to seasonal grazing grounds rather than settling permanently in a single location.
Catal Huyuk
An important Neolithic site in what is now Turkey.
Chiefdoms
a societal group governed by a chief who usually relied on his charisma rather than force.
Norte Chico/Caral
Peruvian ancient civilization in the Andes. Used ropes to do accounting, etc.
Law Codes of Hammurabi
Ancient Babylonian law code made by King Hammurabi with prescribed laws and consequences.
Indus Valley Civilization
One of the first civilizations in the Indus River Valley – Pakistan/ India area. No huge architecture, etc…
Patriarchy
Society that favors men and men are in control of most areas
Olmec Civilization
Ancient civilization in Mexico…
“rise of the state”
the rise of the state like government *******
Uruk
Sumerian City known for the Uruk Period — 4000 to 3100, emergence of urban life and cuneiform script, pottery, early bronze age…
Egypt, the “Gift of the Nile”
the river made it possible for people to live in a desert, it flooded predictably and made agriculture possible
Mohenjo Daro/Harappa
one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world’s earliest major urban settlements
Paneb
A scoundrel of Ancient Egypt. Alive during the reign of Ramses II, had many court accusations,e tc, against him.
Epic of Gilgamesh
epic Babylonian poem, known as first great work of literature
Nubia
Civilization to the south of Egypt who were a slight threat, some culture was shared with them

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