APUSH Chapter 6 (The American Pageant)

APUSH Chapter 6 (The American Pageant)

Samuel De Chaplain
French explorer who was part of an expedition to explore the St. Lawrence River in 1603. His expedition was searching for the Northwest Passage. He also founded Quebec, Canada. Mapped Atlantic Sea board, spread Christianity
New France
French colony in North America, with a capital in Quebec, founded 1608. New France fell to the British in 1763. (p. 489)
– extinct the beaver population
Antoine Cadillac
Frenchman who founded Detroit in 1701 to thwart English settlers making a play for the Ohio Valley.
Robert de La Salle
Frenchman who followed the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico, claiming the region for France and naming it Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV
King William’s War
1689-1697. mailnly a war between British and French, with Indians sometimes involved. Part of a series of wars between major powers fighting for control of the new World. Fought mainly with basic guerrilla warfare, as neither side had many troops.
Queen Anne’s War
The second of the four imperial wars that were fought between Britain, France and Spain. It took place from 1702-1713. Though many Spanish colonial towns were captured and burned by English forces, American colonists met with military failure creating a feeling of dependence on Britain. The war ended with Peace of Utrecht.
War of Jenkin’s Ear (1739)
Land squabble between Britain and Spain over Georgia and trading rights. Battles took place in the Caribbean and on the Florida/Georgia border. The name comes from a British captain named Jenkin, whose ear was cut off by the Spanish.
James Oglethorpe
Founder and governor of the Georgia colony. He ran a tightly-disciplined, military-like colony. Slaves, alcohol, and Catholicism were forbidden in his colony. Many colonists felt that Oglethorpe was a dictator, and that (along with the colonist’s dissatisfaction over not being allowed to own slaves) caused the colony to break down and Oglethorpe to lose his position as governor.
King George’s War
Land squabble between France and Britain. France tried to retake Nova Scotia (which it had lost to Britain in Queen Anne’s War). The war ended with a treaty restoring the status quo, so that Britain kept Nova Scotia).
French and Indian War
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley– English defeated French in 1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
Fort Duquesne
Fort Duquesne became one of the principal French outposts in the northern Ohio Valley, and, in 1754 the French troops in Fort Dusquesne destroyed nearby British Fort Necessity, after Washington and the colonial army surrendered it to them. The British rebuilt Fort Necessity as Fort Pitt in 1758.
Fort Necessity
The fort which George Washington built in the Ohio Valley to protect the English from the French.
Cajun
a Louisianian descended from Acadian immigrants from Nova Scotia (‘Cajun’ comes from ‘Acadian’)
Albany Congress
A meeting in Albany, New York, in 1754, in which the British colonies attempted to make an alliance with the Iroquois tribe in order to end their differences. The Iroquois, however, rejected the offer.
Edward Braddock
a British commander during the French and Indian War. He attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. He was defeated by the French and the Indians. At this battle, Braddock was mortally wounded.
William Pitt
The Prime Minister of England during the French and Indian War. He increased the British troops and military supplies in the colonies, and this is why England won the war.
James Wolfe
Wolfe was the British general whose success in the Battle of Quebec won Canada for the British Empire. Even though the battle was only fifteen minutes, Wolfe was killed in the line of duty. This was a decisive battle in the French and Indian War.
Marques de Montcalm
French army leader against Wolfe in Quebec
Treaty of Paris of 1763
Treaty between Britain, France, and Spain, which ended the Seven Years War (and the French and Indian War). France lost Canada, the land east of the Mississippi, some Caribbean islands and India to Britain. France also gave New Orleans and the land west of the Mississippi to Spain, to compensate it for ceeding Florida to the British.
Pontiac’s War
1763 – , a 1763 conflict between Native Americans and the British over settlement of Indian lands in the Great Lakes area
Cheif Pontiac
1763, led several indian tribes, along with some french traders, in a violent campaign to drive the british out of ohio country. rebeliion crushed by smallpox.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.