ART 109 Ch. 11-15

ART 109 Ch. 11-15

The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti uses ____ as a protest strategy.
narrative
. The function of this painting was to ____. spanish war painting
illustrate an event that occurred when Napoleon Bonaparte’s army occupied Madrid
Tomatsu Shomei’s Woman with Keloidal Scars is an example of documentary photography.
TRUE
David Alfaro Siqueiros protested against the ____.
Spanish Civil War
The Rent Collection Courtyard documents a scene from ____ history.
Chinese
Eugene Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People is ____ in its portrayal of fighting as thrilling, dangerous, and liberating.
romantic
The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti was done by
Shahn
Francisco Goya’s The Executions of May 3rd, 1808, sympathize with
Spaniards
The ____ Codex Barbonicus is a religious calendar that was made during the period of the Spanish conquest
Aztex
Robert Motherwell’s Elegy to the Spanish Republic was made in response to the influenza epidemic of 1918
False
The Surrealists believed in automatism, which includes the idea of
Intuition
Leon Golub’s Mercenaries I is particularly imposing because of its
large size
Edward Kienholz’s work is based on his experiences as ____.
a mental hospital worker
Ester Hernandez uses ____ to make her artistic protests.
humor
Both Kathe Kollwitz and George Grosz
protested against wars
Lewis Hine’s photos of child laborers have long ____, which fully documented their youthfulness.
titles
Most social protest works of art are designed to prescribe specific changes and actions
FALSE
Jacob Lawrence did a series of paintings describing the tribulations of
African Americans
Frida Kahlo’s many self-portraits show her face as
unemotional
___ is known for the use of stop motion photography to document the physical movement of humans and animals.
Eadweard Muybridge
Rembrandt’s portraits reveal that The Netherlands encouraged
individualism
Doryphoros translates to
spear-bearer
A Yakshi is a representation of
fertility
The Egyptian ____ canon, begun by Amenhotep III, was a new aesthetic which rejected the rigid, abstract style of the past for a more flowing, elegant, naturalistic approach.
Armana
Many African sculptures considered the head and ____ as most important.
neck
The Doryphoros is idealized in several ways, including
its restrained emotions
Polykleitos invented and applied a system of mathematical proportions called the Canon for the depiction of Greek figures.
true
Lucian Freud’s Leigh under the Skylight is a portrait of
everyman
Chuck Close is a painter known for making highly idealized figurative paintings based on classical notions of ideal beauty.
False
Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of Dr. Gachet was a vehicle for commentary about ____.
the suffering inherent in modern, urban life
Nancy Burson achieved a grainy, fuzzy look in her photographic series Faces by using a cheap plastic camera.
True
Traditional African sculpture portrays the frontal view as
symmetrical
Nancy Burson’s Faces are portraits of children with
unusual faces
Medieval Christians felt the ____ was more important than the ____.
soul/body
Viola’s series titled The Passions is based on ____ paintings of figures in sorrow, ecstasy, or astonishment.
Renaissance and Baroque
A full-body portrait is always a life-size depiction of an individual.
False
The Study for the Portrait of Okakura Tenshin showed the Japanese characteristics of
flat shapes and contour lines
In Medieval Europe, human nature was held in high esteem and images of the body symbolized the purity of God’s divine realm.
False
Aunt Jemima is considered a ____.
caricature
In Las Meninas, Velazquez places Infanta Margarita at the center of the painting and surrounds her with ____ to reveal her exalted rank.
all of these choices
James VanDerZee was a commercial studio photographer whose work was strongly influenced by depictions of female stereotypes in films from the 1950’s and 1960’s.
False
The Northwest Coastal people believed that the thunderbird represented a ____.
chief
In the 1960’s and 1970’s, high profile art exhibitions in prestigious American museums frequently included work by women artists.
False
Jacques-Louis David’s The Oath of the Horatii revealed that heroic actions were ____.
a mark of masculinity
Hung Liu examined the Chinese practice
foot binding
A ____ is a group of people joined by blood or marriage ties.
clan
Ceremonies for a clan’s living members took place in Zapotec ____.
tombs
Betye Saar’s The Liberation of Aunt Jemima is a ____ piece.
mixed media
Kabuki theater was enjoyed by the ____ in Japanese society.
middle class
The ancient Greeks viewed Doric architecture as
masculine
Peter Paul Rubens’ Abduction of the Daughters of Leucippus revealed that the women of that time were expected to be ____.
helpless
Art can forge racial identity and preserve the history and values of a(n) ____ group.
ethnic
The painting Abduction of the Daughters of Leucippus by Peter Paul Rubens is an example of ____ as subject matter.
sexual exotica
Because of restrictive laws emphasizing cultural separation, nineteenth century Russian Jews were unable to pursue careers in the arts and found work primarily in the areas of business and manual labor.
False
Painting from a Cult House done by the Tambaran cult of New Guinea ____ the cult teachings through a narrative.
does not illustrate
In ancient Egypt, the human body was sculpted in different ways depending on the class of the person
true
In Papua New Guinea, Sepik men saw their rituals as creating men from infants, usurping women’s procreative power.
true
In Western culture, architecture is gendered – different styles are associated with certain qualities that are perceived to be masculine or feminine.
true
Apricot Blossoms is a lyric painting by MaYuan with ____ by Empress Yang.
lines of poetry
Unicorns were first described in ancient Greece and Rome.
true
John Constable’s works, while Romantic in essence, were the foundation for the ____.
Impressionists
Satyrs were men with ____ attributes and were prone to drunkenness and sexual excess.
goats or men
A shaman was believed to be ____ between humans, animals and spirits.
a bridge
In the later years of his life, Claude Monet’s paintings approached abstraction, as ____ became more important than imagery.
brushstrokes
The bouquets Dutch artist Jan Bruegel painted never existed in real life.
True
The ancient Greeks created woman-headed birds called ____.
harpies
Ansel Adams photographs helped raise public support for national parks and for the environmental movement in general.
true
The Incan civilization in Peru produced huge animal drawings by scraping the desert floor to reveal the lighter-colored sand beneath it.
false
Landscapes were popular in China and Japan because ____.
cities were noisy, polluted and crowded
Animals appear in art in every culture.
True
Flowers were often symbols for the Christian religion in earlier times; for example, the iris represented ____.
Jesus
Visitors to the Zen Garden of Contemplation in Japan are expected to ____.
sit still and meditate
Ashurbanipal II Killing Lions is an example of ____ relief carving.
Assyrian
Due to technological advances in photography, medical books no longer contain drawn illustrations.
False
Ansel Adams’ photographs emphasized the beauty of nature as ____.
untouched by humans
The European painter, John Constable painted his large landscapes outdoors from direct observation.
False
Robert Smithson created earthworks because ____.
he was interested in moving his art outside the gallery system
____ are metaphors for humans in Thai, Hindu and Buddhist art.
Monkeys
The Sydney Opera House owes a stylistic debt to the architecture of ____.
Frank Lloyd Wright
Architect Frank Gehry was originally trained as a ____.
sculptor
The North American Sioux Hoop Dance celebrated ____.
springtime
Matthew Barney’s Cremaster I references Busby Berkley musical productions from 1930’s Hollywood films.
True
Ancient Greek comedies and tragedies were originally part of ritual festivals dedicated to the deity Dionysos.
True
Deconstructivist architecture does not have ____.
a unified whole
Most contemporary houses for the arts are built in architectural styles that reflect modern values of innovation, bold movement or future potential.
True
The first examples of performance art were called ____.
happenings
In its original state, the Colosseum in Rome was a spartan amphitheater devoid of any ornamentation except for its Doric capitals.
False
In 1927, ____ was/were added to motion pictures.
sound
Western theater began as a form of worship of the god ____.
Dionysos
Visual culture is an area of academic study that deals with the totality of images and visual objects produced in ____, and the ways that those images are disseminated, received, and used.
industrial and postindustrial nations
In ancient Greece, art galleries were frequently near temple complexes.
True
____ is a relatively early form of animation which uses clay sculptures that are moved and photographed in tiny increments.
Claymation
Central Park was designed to be a(n) ____ from city life.
retreat
Animation grew out of ____, in which a series of drawn images seem to move as book pages are flipped rapidly.
flip books
Frank Lloyd Wright’s Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York is architecturally engineered to display paintings and sculptures at their best.
False
The Mayan’s ritualistic ball sport has similarities to the contemporary game of ____.
soccer
The ultimate purpose of Visual Studies is to record the language of visual culture so that images have a universal meaning regardless of nationality or culture.
False