Art Ch 9 & 10

Art Ch 9 & 10

The author defines the term __________ “as the supervision by one individual or group over the artistic expression of another individual or group”.
censorship
In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge photographed a galloping horse, and discovered that:
horses occasionally gallop with all four hooves off the ground.
The widespread use by artists of the camera obscura (lit. dark room) began in:
the Italian Renaissance.
A major difference between the video works of Nam June Paik and the films of modern filmmakers is
Paik’s electronically manipulated images
Artists primarily used the camera obscura to:
produce naturalistic drawings of the world.
The photographic style which best describes simplified imagery and form reduced to the most essential characteristics is:
abstraction
Orson Welles’ film Citizen Kane is considered by many to be one of the best films ever made. It is noted for its:
innovative camera angles and composition.
A major difference between the work of a “pure” or “straight” photographer, such as Alfred Steiglitz, and the work of a photojournalist, such as Sebastiao Salgado, is:
the different intentions of each photographer
Diane Arbus’ portrait may be characterized by the photographer’s
unusual subjects revealed in absurd situations.
Early examples of art photography often imitated:
the narrative form of painting.
In addition to his highly successful career as a portrait photographer, Mathew Brady was the first photographer to document a major war. Which war did he and his team photograph?
The American Civil War
The Farm Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Agriculture:
paid photographers to document the Great Depression.
According to the author, “the individual most responsible for establishing photography as an art form” was:
Alfred Steiglitz
The Surrealist movement that arose after World War I involved a fascination with:
the unconscious.
The Lumière Brothers:
originated the concept of auteur in filmmaking
__________ is the photograph that is most closely associated with Alfred Stieglitz’s assertion that for photography to be an art, it should be true to its own nature.
The Steerage
Despite an enthusiastic public acceptance, the success of the daguerreotype was limited by:
the inability to make multiple images from one negative.
In 1860 Abraham Lincoln posed for a carte de visite portrait. This photograph helped shape his political career since:
the photographic process enabled unlimited multiple images to be produced.
In 1888 the Kodak camera changed the history of photography
by making photography easily accessible to the general public.
The works of Henry Peach Robinson and Mariko Mori exemplify the photographers’:
manipulation and combination of different photographic images in one work.
One of the most celebrated 19th-century artists, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, created posters for the famous dance hall called the:

A) Moulin Rouge.
B) Last Waltz.
C) Last Metro
D) Valentin.
E) Odeon.

This is the correct answer.
A) Moulin Rouge.
The _________ first made it possible to devise a notice that could be reproduced in large numbers and distributed widely.
) printing press
Although symbols convey information and embody ideas,:
A) those ideas may change radically with time.
B) they have no meaning in themselves.
C) their meaning is invented by cultural use.
This is the correct answer.
D) all of the above
E) none of the above
D) all of the above
The ancient symbol from Chinese philosophy that embodies a worldview of mutual interdependence is the:
taiji.
According to the author, graphic design as we know it today has its roots in two developments. They are:
the printing press and the industrial revolution
Which graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to international travelers?
Cook and Shanosky
A ________ is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity.
logo
An image created to accompany words is called:
an illustration.
The logo __________ was developed by an artists’ collective to carry a message about AIDS.
Silence=Death
__________ is the arrangement and appearance of letters in graphic design.
Typography
A designer’s blueprint for books and magazines and other works in print is called:
a layout.
With his design for a spread in Ray Gun magazine illustrating an article on musician Morrissey, _________ subverted traditional graphic design principles.
David Carson
Broadsides, first appearing in the ____ century, were single sheets that argued political or religious causes, told of recent events, and advertised festivals and fairs
15th
Graphic design used to be known as __________ art
commercial
The development of __________ in the 19th century introduced the widespread use of color in posters.
color lithography
Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, the __________ applied their artistic skills to designing posters, industrial products, and everyday items in hopes of creating a new society.
Constructivists
In 1525, with the advent of moveable type, _________ created a unified alphabet that could be mass-produced.
Albrecht Dürer
Designing for the Web adds the potential for___________ -reactions to choices made by a visitor to the site.
motion and interactivity
The American graphic designer who created some of the most memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC is:
Paul Rand.
The Saturday Evening Post published this artist’s work throughout most of his career.
Norman Rockwell