Art Chapters 5,6,7,8

Art Chapters 5,6,7,8

The pyramids of Egypt are an example of art as a ______ activity.
social
artists such as Leonardo and Michelangelo were trained by the _____ method.
apprentice
Persia’s “kitab-khana” were ____ that made illuminated manuscripts
libraries
The first academy in Europe started in the ___ century
15th
Museums became common in ______ during the nineteenth century
Europe
two factors that influenced the growth and popularity of museums were: ________ and _______
capitalism, colonialism
an example of community artwork is the _______
making of AIDS quilt
one example of a museum dedicated only to modern art is the: ________
Guggenheim (new)
The iconoclasts were known as:_________
image breakers
art is kept by various cultures for the following reasons: ___, ___, ___.
aesthetic, religious, political
Leonardo felt that observation was central to ______ and art.
science
the view of an artist as a creative genius rather than a skilled worker began to form in Europe during the __________.
renaissance
the pyramids of ancient Egypt served the purposes of the ________.
rulers
the opposite of an artist working on a commission is an artist working on ____________
speculation
art created for the tourist market generally helps local art production to _______
survive
in medieval Europe, specialized societies called______ preserved technical information for artists and regulated art making.
guilds
_______ were one of the major art forms during the medieval period Europe.
illustration
______ is the first artist in recorded history and was associated with the concept of genius
Iamhotep
prehistoric artists painted images in the ___ of caves
back
Australian Aboriginals painted “contour maps” indication food and water locations out of sand; these maps were then ________ after a ritual celebration.
destroyed
Coe’s There is no Escape is from a series condemning the meat industry called _______.
Porkopolis
The ancient Chinese made ______ vessels for storing wine
lings bronze
as its name suggests, the ancient Greek ______ was used for carrying and storing water
hydra
The Pomo tribal baskets covered with feathers and shells were made as ceremonial _____
gifts
Warhol’s work such as Hienz 57 Tomato Ketchup celebrated the commercial art of ___________.
Package industry
salt was considered so valuable that it was a source of wealth; the European nobility used elaborate saltcellars as a ________.
status symbols
Jan Davidsz de Heem’s A Table of Dessert reflects cultural and _______ beliefs.
religious
Mu Qi’s Six Persimmons emphasizes _____________ in life.
simplicity, meditation
an important component of European still life painting was the idea of __________.
food as vanitas
In the early twentieth century, still life paintings were not concerned with ___________.
food as sustinance
Rituals meals include:
Christmas, Thanksgiving, Easter, wedding , holidays
The House of the Vettii had a front atrium with a pool, called the ______, for collecting rainwater
impluvium
examples of ancient communities in which homes were close together in the same style include Catal Huyuk and _________.
Pueblo bonito
Trajan’s Market has tabernas whose form ad arrangement suggests a _________
market
The architect _________, who designed one of the innovative tall buildings of the twentieth century, believed that “form follows function” in architecture
Louis Sullivan
The Venus of Willendorf is a statue of ______
an anonymous pregnant woman
The Idol from Amorgos is a statue of ______
fertile young woman
Figure of a Deity: A’a Rurutu from the Austral Islands in central Polynesia was an ancestor deity and represented a: _______
creator in an act of creating
The Bamana fertility figure from Mali is decorated with ______
geometric lines
The paintings in the Villa of Mysteries were done by the ______
Romans
The Primordial Couple of the Dogon represents _______
the marriage ritual
There are many symbols in Jan van Eyck’s The Wedding, including
-the dog symbolizes fidelity
-The chandelier has one lit candle signifying matrimony and the unity of marriage
-The man uses his left hand to support but does not grasp the women’s hand. He holds his right hand up as if he is taking an oath
-The removed shoes suggest sanctity
The Japanese shunga prints are translated as ______
spring pictures
An odalisque was a member of ______
harem
Georgia O’Keeffe’s work are often extreme close ups of ______
flowers
In prehistoric times fertility was ______
an important concern
The Moche, the Maya and Alice Neel did versions of _______
pregnant women
Brancusi’s Torso of a Young Man is _____
abstract
Louise Bourgeois’ Blind Man’s Bluff is a sculpture of ______
bulbous forms
The ancient cities required ______ in order to function
major rivers
Images of deities _____,_____,_____
-vary from culture to culture
-can be male or female
-some cultures didn’t allow them to be represented
Most early deities represented ______
female fertility goddesses
The Snake Goddess is from _____
crete
From ancient Egypt came the convention of representing deities as _______
partaking animal qualities
The Hindu god Brahman can never be _______
known
The Buddhist concept of heaven or paradise is called ______
Nirvana
A Buddhist stupa, at first a mound tomb, was transformed into a relic _____
of a buddha
Later statues of Buddha emphasized _______
serinity
The nearest analogy to a Budhisattva would be ______
saint
When Christianity became the official state religion, Christ was shown as ____
a king or ruler
The special rituals of the Kwakiutl were ______
held annually
Mexican votive paintings were called ______
Retablos
Depictions of ritual sacrifice were shown in many cultures, including ______
Christian and Meso American
The Hopi make spirit dolls called ______
kachinas
A mandala is an attempt to show _______
the cosmos
The images of Michelangelo’s Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel present: _______
the origin of the universe
The Ziggurat of Ur is an _______
artificial mountain
Many religious structures from Stonehenge to the Pantheon, use ______ to convey their power
geometry
A journey to a special shrine is called a _______
pilgramage
The Parthenon frieze probably shows _______
panathenaic festival
The deities of ancient Egypt were mostly personifications of ______
natural forces
The Hindu god ______ is the unity in which all opposite meet — the source of good and evil, male and female
Shiva