The supervision by one individual or group over the artistic expression of another individual or group is known as ______________.
They occasionally have all 4 hooves on the ground
In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge photographed a galloping horse, and discovered what?
The use by artists of the camera obscura (literally dark room) began in the _________________.
Artists like Peter Campus became interested in video because _____________ could be electronically manipulated into interesting images.
Artists primarily used the camera obscure to produce _________ drawings of the world.
The creation of a photographic body of work around an event, place, or culture is known as ____________.
Andy Warhol’s film Empire is a film about watching ________ pass.
A major difference between the work of a “pure” or “straight” photographer, such as ____________, and the work of a documentary photographer, such as Dorothea Lange, is the different intentions of each photographer.
A _______ was an early photographic method created using a copper plate covered with silver iodine.
Early examples of art photography often imitated the ________ form of painting.
The Farm Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Agriculture paid photographers to document the ____________________.
____________ was a photographer who became dissatisfied with pictorialism and promoted the idea that photography should be true to its own nature rather than trying to imitate painting.
World war 1
The Dada movement was formed as a reaction to what?
The lumière brothers invented the first workable _________________.
_____________ is closely associated with Alfred Steiglitz’s assertion that for photography to be an art, it should be true to its own nature.
Julia Margaret Cameron is renowned for her __________.
In 1888 the ______ camera changed the history of photography by making photography easily accessible to the general public.
The works of Henry Peach Robinson and ___________ exemplify the photographer’s manipulation and combination of different photographic images in one work.
Man Ray created mysterious images, called ________, which looked like ordinary photographs but did not require a camera to record them.
An ______ is a director whose films are marked by a consistent, individual style, and is closely involved in conceiving the idea for the film’s story and writing the script.
One of the most celebrated 19th century artists, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, created posters for the famous dance hall called the ______________.
The ________________ first made it possible to devise a notice that could be reproduced in large numbers and distributed widely.
Although symbols convey information and embody ideas, they have no meaning in themselves; their meaning is invented by________ use; and the ideas they embody may change radically with ______.
The ancient symbol from chinese philosophy that embodies a world view of mutual interdependence is the _________ symbol.
printing press and industrial revolution
According to the author, graphic design as we know it today has its roots in 2 developments. They are what?
Cook and Shanosky
Which graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to intentional travelers?
a _____ is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity.
an image created to accompany words is called an ___________.
A designer’s blueprint for books and magazines and other works in print is called what?
Cassidy Curtis’s Graffiti Archaelolgy is organized by _______ and time to effectively display its subject.
Graphic design used to be known as ______ art.
The development of __________________ in the 19th century introduced the widespread use of color in posters.
One of the most effective and easiest ways for a company to change its image is to _______ its logo.
In 1525, with the advent of moveable type, __________________ created a unified alphabet that could be mass-produced.
motion and interactivity
Designing for the Web adds the potential for ____________________ reactions to choices made by a visitor to the site.
The American graphic designer who created some of the most memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC is ___________.
W. Bradford Paley’s TextArc program uses an entire text of a book and displays all of the text on _______, allowing users to explore relationships between its words.
Graphic design has its goal the communication of some ______ message to a group of people.