Art midterm chapter 9-10

censorship
The supervision by one individual or group over the artistic expression of another individual or group is known as ______________.
They occasionally have all 4 hooves on the ground
In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge photographed a galloping horse, and discovered what?
Italian Renaissance
The use by artists of the camera obscura (literally dark room) began in the _________________.
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video signals
Artists like Peter Campus became interested in video because _____________ could be electronically manipulated into interesting images.
naturalistic
Artists primarily used the camera obscure to produce _________ drawings of the world.
photojournalism
The creation of a photographic body of work around an event, place, or culture is known as ____________.
time
Andy Warhol’s film Empire is a film about watching ________ pass.
Alfred Stieglitz
A major difference between the work of a “pure” or “straight” photographer, such as ____________, and the work of a documentary photographer, such as Dorothea Lange, is the different intentions of each photographer.
daguerreotype
A _______ was an early photographic method created using a copper plate covered with silver iodine.
narrative
Early examples of art photography often imitated the ________ form of painting.
Great Depression
The Farm Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Agriculture paid photographers to document the ____________________.
Alfred Stieglitz
____________ was a photographer who became dissatisfied with pictorialism and promoted the idea that photography should be true to its own nature rather than trying to imitate painting.
World war 1
The Dada movement was formed as a reaction to what?
film projector
The lumière brothers invented the first workable _________________.
The steerage
_____________ is closely associated with Alfred Steiglitz’s assertion that for photography to be an art, it should be true to its own nature.
portraits
Julia Margaret Cameron is renowned for her __________.
kodak
In 1888 the ______ camera changed the history of photography by making photography easily accessible to the general public.
Andreas Gursky
The works of Henry Peach Robinson and ___________ exemplify the photographer’s manipulation and combination of different photographic images in one work.
Rayograms
Man Ray created mysterious images, called ________, which looked like ordinary photographs but did not require a camera to record them.
auteur
An ______ is a director whose films are marked by a consistent, individual style, and is closely involved in conceiving the idea for the film’s story and writing the script.
Moulin Rouge
One of the most celebrated 19th century artists, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, created posters for the famous dance hall called the ______________.
printing press
The ________________ first made it possible to devise a notice that could be reproduced in large numbers and distributed widely.
cultural;time
Although symbols convey information and embody ideas, they have no meaning in themselves; their meaning is invented by________ use; and the ideas they embody may change radically with ______.
yin-yang
The ancient symbol from chinese philosophy that embodies a world view of mutual interdependence is the _________ symbol.
printing press and industrial revolution
According to the author, graphic design as we know it today has its roots in 2 developments. They are what?
Cook and Shanosky
Which graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to intentional travelers?
logo
a _____ is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity.
illustration
an image created to accompany words is called an ___________.
layout
A designer’s blueprint for books and magazines and other works in print is called what?
Location
Cassidy Curtis’s Graffiti Archaelolgy is organized by _______ and time to effectively display its subject.
commercial
Graphic design used to be known as ______ art.
color lithography
The development of __________________ in the 19th century introduced the widespread use of color in posters.
redesign
One of the most effective and easiest ways for a company to change its image is to _______ its logo.
Albrecht Dürer
In 1525, with the advent of moveable type, __________________ created a unified alphabet that could be mass-produced.
motion and interactivity
Designing for the Web adds the potential for ____________________ reactions to choices made by a visitor to the site.
Paul Rand
The American graphic designer who created some of the most memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC is ___________.
screen
W. Bradford Paley’s TextArc program uses an entire text of a book and displays all of the text on _______, allowing users to explore relationships between its words.
specific
Graphic design has its goal the communication of some ______ message to a group of people.

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