Art test 4

Artists primarily used the camera obscura to:
produce naturalistic drawings of the world.
In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge photographed a galloping horse and discovered that:
galloping horses occasionally have all four hooves off the ground.
Dada collage artist Hannah Höch used “found” photographs to express:
all of these
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Andy Warhol’s film Empire:
is a film about watching time pass.
The use by artists of the camera obscura (literally dark room) began in:
the Italian Renaissance
The works of Henry Peach Robinson and Andreas Gursky exemplify the photographer’s:
manipulation and combination of different photographic images in one work.
The creation of a photographic body of work around an event, place, or culture is known as:
photojournalism
A daguerreotype was an early photographic method created using a:
copper plate covered with silver iodine.
The Lumière brothers:
invented the first workable film projector.
A major difference between the work of a “pure” or “straight” photographer, such as Alfred Stieglitz, and the work of a documentary photographer, such as Dorothea Lange, is:
the different intentions of each photographer.
In 1888 the Kodak camera changed the history of photography:
by making photography easily accessible to the general public.
The Dada movement was formed as a reaction to:
World War I
Man Ray created mysterious images, called _________, that looked like ordinary photographs but did not require a camera to record them.
Rayograms
Despite an enthusiastic public acceptance, the success of the daguerreotype was limited by:
the inability to make multiple images from one negative.
A(n) _________ is a director whose films are marked by a consistent, individual style and is closely involved in conceiving the idea for the film’s story and writing the script.
auteur
Nam Jun Pak is best known for:
video ar
Julia Margaret Cameron is renowned for her:
portraits
Early examples of art photography often imitated:
the narrative form of painting.
Artists like Peter Campus became interested in video because:
video signals could be electronically manipulated into interesting images.
The Farm Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Agriculture:
paid photographers to document the Great Depression.
Designing for the Web adds the potential for ________ reactions to choices made by a visitor to the site.
motion and interactivity
Which graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to international travelers?
Cook and Shanosky
A designer’s blueprint for books and magazines and other works in print is called:
a layout
The development of ________ in the 19th century introduced the widespread use of color in posters.
color lithography
Although symbols convey information and embody ideas:
all of these
W. Bradford Paley’s TextArc program uses an entire text of a book and:
displays all of the text on screen, allowing users to explore relationships between its words.
According to the author, graphic design as we know it today has its roots in two developments. They are:
the printing press and the Industrial Revolution.
Cassidy Curtis’s Graffiti Archaeology is organized by ________ to effectively display its subject.
location and time
Graphic design used to be known as ________ art.
commercial
One of the most effective and easiest ways for a company to change its image is:
to redesign its logo
An image created to accompany words is called:
an illustration
A ________ is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity.
a logo
The ancient symbol from Chinese philosophy that embodies a worldview of mutual interdependence is the ________ symbol.
yin-yang
Graphic design has as its goal the communication of some __________ message to a group of people.
specific
In 1525, with the advent of moveable type, ________ created a unified alphabet that could be mass-produced.
Albrecht Durer
The ________ first made it possible to devise a notice that could be reproduced in large numbers and distributed widely.
printing press
One of the most celebrated 19th-century artists, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, created posters for the famous dance hall called:
the Moulin Rouge.
The American graphic designer who created some of the most memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC is:
Paul Rand
Fired clay is sometimes called:
terra cotta.
________ is a sculptural process of bringing together individual pieces, segments, or objects to form a sculpture.
assemblage
Minimalists:
All of these are the case.
Casting is known as ________ method.
an indirect
Serpent Mound and Spiral Jetty are known as:
earthworks.
The artworks of Christo and Jeanne-Claude are intended:
all of these answers are correct
Which of the following concepts conceives of a space and everything in it as a work of art?
installation art
High-relief sculpture is different from low-relief sculpture in that:
high-relief projects boldly from the background, and elements of high-relief may be in the round, unattached to the background.
The ________ process dates back to the 3rd millennium B.C.E.
lost-wax
The additive process of sculpture includes:
both assembling and modeling.
Contrapposto (meaning counter poise or counterbalance) was developed by ________ as a pose for sculptures of the human figure.
ancient Greeks
Andy Goldsworthy uses ________ materials to create sculptures that are ________.
natural; ephemeral
Four basic methods for making a sculpture are:
modeling, casting, carving, and assembling.
The Indian sculpture Durga Fighting the Buffalo Demon is an example of:
high-relief sculpture.
Relief sculpture is:
all of these
Carved in a broad style of plain surfaces and subtle modeling, Colossal Head is thought to represent ________ rulers.
olmec
Sculptors will often create a “sketch” out of ________ to test ideas before proceeding to their medium of choice.
clay
The carving method:
all of these
What is the key difference between the process of lost-wax casting as practiced in ancient times and that same process today?
Today, multiples can be created from the process.
The subtractive process involves:
carving

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