Booker T Washington
Started a school in Alabama where black children could learn skills such as shoe making and farming.
Started a newspaper called “The North Star.”
George Washington Carver
Created 325 different uses for the peanut.
Led so many slaves to freedom, called by the nickname Moses.
Became the first black player inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Performance at the 1936 Summer Olympic Games made him famous.
Doctor who spent two years working with poor people in Africa before she went on to become famous.
Refused to give up a seat on the bus. That led to a 382-day bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama.
One of 13 children, this person’s birth name was Isabella Baum free.
First black to hold a seat on the Supreme Court, the highest court in the land.
Attended the University of California on a tennis scholarship.
Appointed by George Washington to survey land to become Washington, D.C..
One of 13 children, died in an airplane crash.
Teacher in Mississippi before she became a well-known journalist.
World heavyweight boxing champion from 1937 to 1949.
Well-known trumpet player, was known by the nickname “Satchmo.”
Led a Virginia slave revolt in 1831.
Worked as a TV news reporter.
Famous writer of piano music, was known as the “king of ragtime.”
Wrote proudly of black people in books, poems, and plays
First black congresswoman to be elected from the Deep South.
Three years in reform school for attempted burglary before writing many famous rock-and-roll songs.
Given first and middle names at birth were “Edward Kennedy.”
Invented a machine, called a “lasting machine,” that stitched the leather of a shoe to its sole.
Sang in church choirs while growing up as the granddaughter of two Methodist ministers.
A Nation of Islam minister at one time, he was assassinated while giving a speech in 1965.
Helped register black voters in Mississippi and led boycotts there of firms that practiced racial discrimination.
Awarded the Noble Peace Prize for his role in making an Arab-Israeli peace in 1949.
Worked at a childcare center before becoming a well-known political figure.
A Harvard graduate, played a role in starting National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
Carter G. Woodson
This former coal mine worker or to former slaves got a degree from Harvard University and started what is called today “Black History Month.”
Many consider this doctor to be the originator of the Blood Bank concept.
One of the first people killed in the cause of American independence.
Child of former slaves, invented the ironing board, the lawn sprinkler, and many other useful things.
Jean Baptist Point DuSable
Many consider this fur and grain trader to be the founder of the city of Chicago.
Joseph Hayne Rainey
In 1870, this person was the first black to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Madame C.J. Walker
Child of ex-slaves, developed a hair product and died a millionaire.
Mary Eliza Church Terrell
This civil rights advocate told her life story in the book A Colored Woman in a White World.
Mary McCleod Bethune
15th of 17 children born of former slaves – grew up to become a college president.
Child of a runaway slave, was a football All-American and a well-known actor and singer.