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4 Secret Tips For Writing an Argumentative Essay

A statement is persuasive and credible either because it is directly self-evident or because it appears to be proved from other statements that are so.

Aristotle

The ability to write an argumentative essay properly is not inherent, it can be developed. A well-reasoned essay contains arguments and convinces the person who reads it of its correctness. Argumentative essay includes a comprehensive discussion of the issue, as well as weighty arguments that can convince the reader that the author’s viewpoint is right.

Find Out the Goal

The aim of this composition type is to thoroughly speculate about an issue. In such an essay, it is necessary to study all aspects of the matter under discussion, and consider all possible viewpoints. Here, you must clearly set your point of view, explain it and draw conclusions. The ultimate goal is to convince others that your opinion is right.

Use These Elements of an Argumentative Essay

  1. Counterarguments

Before you start working on an argumentative essay, you need to analyze various aspects of the problem to lead the reader to an obvious and logical agreement. It is a nice idea to read about the existing points of view on this topic and mentioned various assumptions that do not coincide with yours (counterarguments).

  1. Thesis

Discuss the thesis with a friend or colleague (it is advisable that your interlocutor has other speculation). This will help you to sharpen your argumentation and give new opinions in support of your main idea.

  1. Target Audience

Evaluate your target audience. When writing an argumentative essay, it is vital to understand who it is intended for. Whether it is a college assignment or you are writing for a much wider audience, the one should consider his audience, as this will help you to provide more effective arguments. The level of education, profession and life experience affect how people perceive a different viewpoint, thus when writing an essay, it is always a nice idea to take into account these differences.

  1. Choose a Good Topic

Select the appropriate theme. Remember that an argumentative essay defends a certain point of view. Thus, pick up the matter that is widely talked about. For instance, you are unlikely to write a strong argumentative essay about the benefits of fitness, because this topic does not raise any objections.

When choosing a topic, consider five basic elements: the text itself (in this case it’s an essay), the author (in this case it’s you), the audience, the pursued goal and the attendant situation. Rhetoric implies the appropriate language and speech building, aimed at convincing people. Since the aim of the argumentary essay is to convince the reader of the correctness of the author’s opinion, the one should adhere to the rules of rhetoric.

Follow the Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline

The structure of the strong argumentative essay includes a headline, introduction, thesis, arguments, and conclusion.

Think of an eye-catching headline. The creative and original heading will grab reader’s attention, and he will read your essay. A successful title gives the reader an idea what is the article about. In scientific articles, for instance, headings often consist of two parts separated by a colon.

Write the introduction. This section should briefly explain the topic under consideration and explain the current situation by familiarizing the reader with the subject of the discussion. The introduction should end with the thesis.

Outline the thesis. This is a brief statement of your views on the issue. As a rule, the thesis completes the introductory part of the essay. Having become acquainted with the main thesis, the reader will be more prepared to perceive the following text.

The thesis should be concise and clear. It contains the essence of the article and explains its importance. The thesis is a laconic statement. This statement can relate to the definitions (for example, concerning the unsuccessful definition of a particular term or idea), a causal relationship (for instance, to establish a connection between various events or phenomena), and so on.

An example of a strong thesis: “The growing consumption of meat in developed countries is one of the main causes of environmental pollution, and thus contributes significantly to global warming.” This thesis is about the cause-effect relationship and relates to a controversial and rather narrow issue. Such a thesis will help to build a strong argumentative essay. An example of a weak thesis: “Pollution of the environment is a serious problem.” This thesis is poor, as there are few people who disagree with this statement. In addition, the stated topic is too extensive. It is impossible to discuss all aspects of environmental pollution in one small essay.

By using your argumentative skills, write your arguments and be persuasive. Make sure to include counterarguments (ideas that are contrary to your position), and explain why your point of view is more logical (for example, ideas that contradict with yours are based on outdated information).

Now, let’s talk about conclusion. This part of the composition is very important, as it allows the writer to showcase his position towards the problem and convince the reader to agree.

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How to Write Paragraphs?

Students have long been accustomed to write academic works following a certain plan and structure. However, few people wondered why these papers have such requirements. In fact, the answer is quite simple. It consists in the logical construction of the work and the convenience of its reading and verification. It is for this purpose that each essay is divided into several logically related paragraphs, each of which has a specific goal and should meet the stated requirements. Let’s see what the main points should be contained in the indents of the student essay, as well as in any other scientific work. We advise first to read about the structure of the paragraph, in order to understand more how to write a paragraph correctly.

Main Tips to Write an Introduction

The best way to write an introduction paragraph is to make your audience to become interested in the matter you are discussing. It does not matter whether you write an entrance exam, a student essay, or an article for your blog. If you did not succeed in intriguing your reader from the initial lines, then no one will read the work in any of these cases. Due to this reason, you may start writing a good introduction paragraph with the following hooks.

  • You can use the saying of a famous person. This technique acts on the audience in an enchanting way, because as a rule, they want to learn more about this person, they may want to be like him, and they are just wondering how his affirmation will be related to the text of the future narrative. Therefore, choosing a quote for this, you need to be careful and clearly, represent how you will continue to lead the thread of your text.
  • This is allowed to use a known fact. This is partly a psychological method. When you say something that everyone is acquainted with and with what everyone agrees, then the audience has no desire to begin to argue with you from the initial lines, and besides, you increase your confidence in you at a subconscious level.
  • There is also a way to ask a question. This method is not very recommended for college essays, but it works well in other industries where you need to interact with people with the help of the text. As a rule, the correctly formulated question with cunning makes the reader think about and start looking for an answer in the following text.
  • A good initial indent consists of several sentences. The initial one catches the audience and makes it pay attention to the article. The following sentences are of informational nature: they formulate a poser, tell the reader about the material, etc. The concluding sentences explain the idea of the material to the audience, talk about its usefulness, promise benefits.

This formula to always write good initial indents of students’ essays as well. In this case, it is reasonable to intrigue the reader in the initial sentence, to describe a poser in a second, to tell about the importance of this issue in the third sentence, and to develop the thesis (the way to solve this poser) in the last one.

Everyone can apply the methods described in order to attract the attention of readers from the very beginning and make them read one’s articles or essays.

What Should Be Present in Your Body Paragraphs

The main task and purpose of any essay are to write a paragraph proof, moreover, each indent should contain a separate evidence of your main argument.  The main issue here is how to develop this main affirmation. The easiest answer is to look into yourself and feel what perspective from the two opposite ones is more close to you. If this did not work, it is necessary to make a research. As a rule, it helps to find a lot of evidence of a certain point; therefore, it helps to do two tasks simultaneously. You are developing your thesis and you are looking for proofs. It is rather convenient to do in this way if you do not know how to start. But if you found a lot of provisions to argument two opposite views, then you can make any choice.

How to Prove Your Perspective

There are several ways to persuade your audience or your professor that your opinion has a privilege to exist.

  • Apply to science. This method is the most convincing, proven and reliable. Regardless of the type of text that you are writing, referring to scientific facts, research results, experiments and hypotheses will always give your text a more serious color and help convince the reader of the correctness of your affirmation.
  • Make an analysis of the literature on the related topic. This method has much in common with the previous one, however, there are some differences. This method is not suitable for purely scientific works but can provide an extensive base for work within the framework of humanitarian disciplines and research. An example from literature always works well when writing essays on psychology, philosophy, and sociology.
  • Tell about your proprietary standing. This method is more than perfect in supporting your thesis affirmation in the graduate essay writing. In this case, your proprietary standing is almost the only thing you can use so it is able to make a profit to you. However, this way can be used in essay writing in almost all disciplines, but it should be used in such a way that you proprietary affirmations should seem too much proprietary.

And as for the Conclusion

There are several steps to writing a good conclusion paragraph. The important requirement everyone should remember is that the goal of a conclusion to summarize all the provision discussed in the paper. It should not contain any other ideas, new arguments, and their evidence and should maximally sum up the researched topic. It seems that this part is the easiest one but it is not so. Sometimes it not enough to provide the only summary; it can be required to look at the perspective from the different angle, to make connections and recommendations, to talk about an appliance of a researched topic on practice.

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How to Write Addictively Readable Paragraphs?

It is an impossible task to calculate how many texts are walking along the Internet. These texts are written by everyone, from students, amateur writers to owners of large businesses. But few people think about how to create paragraph which would be really readable.

Main Principles of Paragraph Writing

Tell about what you know best.

Each of us has talents and skills that are not of great interest to the world, but when you describe exactly your experience, it causes a feeling of trust and involvement with the readers. If you paint with watercolor, write the text how to choose the paints and the easel. Can you create decorations from beads? Dedicate the article to the peculiarities of combinations of shapes and colors; tell about the feeling that was experienced when the product was made well, or vice versa, when the result did not meet expectations.

Give practical advice, show the role of knowledge of this narrow sphere in your life, perhaps, thanks to your hobby, your or someone else’s life has changed beyond recognition. Surprise the reader with unusual circumstances and plot twists. For example, describe the story of a wonderful acquaintance when applying aerography to cars or choosing food colors for the next culinary masterpiece. Tell about the details important in your field, accompanied by vivid images. Reflect, write down the nuances, interesting cases that can become the basis of history, unusual facts. People always feel an energy in the texts when it is present.

Create your own structure.

It seems that this is a complex principle, but in fact, it is quite easy to come up with a structure. It is necessary to analyze texts that you like to gain ideas to write a paragraph. Note how the narrative unfolds, which are the classical schemes: exposition, string, paragraph development, culmination, and denouement. Build your text on this principle, and then rewrite it by changing the components. For example, start with the output, and then step by step, describe how you came to this conclusion.

There is also a ring composition when the story is looped. You can use other tips on writing a paragraph, include dialogues of heroes, write text from short, steep phrases, if you want to emphasize the state and create tempo-rhythm, or you can intentionally choose strangely long sentences saturated with images and slowing down the tempo for immersion of the reader into textual reality.

Observe the discipline.

You should write regularly, and you should make a writer’s checklist in order to achieve this. Choose the time when you sit at the computer and write, do not put outrageous tasks, like “every day to write one chapter of the book,” start with the obligation to write 1000 words a day for the beginning. The main goal of such daily activities is to develop a habit of creating texts. Over time, the writing of the text will be faster, and its quality will please you and your readers more and more.

Create your own picture of the world.

You should understand life and the cause-and-effect relationships. Haruki Murakami expressed an excellent idea.  “The more interconnections mean the deeper meaning.” This rule applies to both artistic and non-fiction literature. It is important to understand and answer for yourself the questions “Who am I?”, “What do I want to tell the world?” And when you answer the question “Why?” the creative process will go much easier.

Write briefly.

Another principle of good texts is the reduction. Try to learn to write briefly! You can try this exercise: “Describe your life to this day in 6-9 words.” Remember your impressions. And each time ask the question: can I formulate this idea in a shorter and simpler way?

Piece of Practical Advice

 

  • You should write in the language you speak. And for this, it is desirable to know what you are talking about, and, accordingly, what you are writing about. When this happens, the text is born in the head, goes easily and freely. And the author’s task is simply to manage to fix it.
  • The essence of the written should be formulated and fit into one sentence, no matter what the final volume of the material will be. This will provide an opportunity to understand the main essence of the article, do not stray and do not lose the thread. If there is no integral understanding of the text, then there may be contradictions, cliffs, leaps and even outright mistakes.
  • The third tip is rhythm and tempo. There are a lot of texts that are written in a good language, broken into even beautiful paragraphs, but they are not readable. And the main reason here is monotony and dullness. This text drives into hibernation and can not be read. Therefore, if the text is for a living person, then it should jump. Outwardly this is expressed in different lengths of both sentences and paragraphs. And short sentences should alternate with long ones.
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How to Write a Critique in Five Paragraphs?

Literary criticism is an important component of literature. We often face such a situation, when we need to give our assessment to a particular work of art. In particular, we are talking about literature, and in order for your opinion to be influential and authoritarian, you should master the art of constructive criticism.

Typical Plan for Critical Writing

  1. An introductory paragraph should talk about the subject of analysis. Good introduction paragraph also includes an explanation of the relevance of the topic and ends with the thesis affirmation.
  2. Body paragraphs contain a general assessment of a subject under criticism. The purpose of body paragraphs is to reveal the positive and negative features of the criticized work. The most reasonable solution is to use three paragraphs in the main part of the critic, each of which will analyze the object from a certain perspective, which is the most significant for the author.
  3. A conclusion paragraph summarizes the author’s opinion and his main evidence that he used in the argumentation of his position.

Literature Review

The review is one of the main and most familiar to us genres of literary criticism. The literature review is very condensed, slender and harmonious, and at the same time, it has a special capacity and content.

There are basic principles of writing reviews:

  • The polarity of your presentation. Like a critical article, a review needs from you to show not only the shortcomings of the work but also its obvious (or hidden) strengths.
  • They are in every object. It all depends only on whether you are ready to see them.
  • Here an abundance of emotions will be superfluous. You have the right to express your opinion, but it should be supported by sound arguments, built in a logical sequence.
  • The factivity. Everything should be based on real facts; it should not be unfounded accusations and thoughts. Reinforce your thinking with scientific research, lean on the knowledge of literary criticism.
  • Consider the work from different perspectives and try to look deeper into the author’s intention, put yourself in his place. Why did he write this, what did he want to express, but could not?
  • Adequately assess your abilities and abilities. Do you have the right to strongly condemn or obsessive recommendations? The task of the reviewer is to reveal the strengths and weaknesses of the work. Avoid straightforwardness and uniqueness and always leave room for free reflection on this or that topic. Situations, when there are only black and white tones, are very rare and any artwork is a spectrum of all kinds of shades.

What Else Can Be Taken into Account

  • The overall impression of the book can be integral, fragmented, powerful, weak, and pleasant.
  • The peculiarities of the plot. How logical it is reduced, are there any moments that do not work for it? The narrative can be dynamic, slow, prolonged, driven, torn. How much dynamics of narration corresponds to the genre and tasks set in the book? Does the author try to “steer the plot,” bending the logic of events in favor of the plan?
  • The peculiarities of the heroes. How accurately and reliably they are described, is their psychology natural enough, could they act exactly in the given circumstances? Are these heroes sympathetic to the reader, do they empathize or disgust?
  • Language and stylistics. What speech techniques the author uses, how rich his vocabulary is, whether he resorts to obscene language, is the author’s language rich, beautiful and laconic.
  • Psychology of relations. Do the characters have internal motivations for actions and whether they are enough, do they behave in a variety of ways or rigidly follow standard reactions?
  • The main idea of the text. Is it ethical, intelligent, original? What does the book teach the reader, what does it want to tell him?
  • How banal is the idea, from where did the author borrow ideas, whom he quotes, parodies, paraphrases? If the book opens a new genre or direction, it is absolutely necessary to mention it.
  • Social significance. If the text indicates moments that are useful, say, for patriotic upbringing or national self-awareness, complex ethical moments and choices are described, it is necessary to say this in criticism.
  • Extra-literary merit, for example, it can be historical, ethnographic or social significance. A mediocre written book can be interesting as a source of information.
  • Whether the topic is relevant; whether it is interesting to the public; what is the audience of the book.
  • The place of the book in the literary process. How a concrete product correlates with others in its genre, what trend does it follow, develop or complete?
  • Personal feelings. It may be a desire to re-read or see the work again, acquire it into a personal collection, or vice versa, never return to it again.