ch. 13 AP World Terms

ch. 13 AP World Terms

Cortés
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and took over part of Mexico. He used Doña Marina as a translator and she helped him in his conquest.
the great dying
The Europeans brought their diseases to the Americas and killed most of the native people.
Doña Marina
She helped Cortés by translating for him. He had a secret marriage with her and later passed her on. She later inherited a large piece of land making her very powerful.
columbian exchange
The exchange of animals, plants, ideas, and diseases between the Americas and Europe.
peninsulares
A purebred Spaniard. Spanish people born in Spain.
mestizo
A person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry
plantation complex
Agricultural system based on African slavery that was used in Brazil, the Caribbean, and the southern colonies of North America.
mulattoes
In colonial Latin America, Spanish/African who were denied basic political, economic, and social rights due to their mixed heritage.
settler colonies
Colonies in which the colonizing people settled in large numbers, rather than simply spending relatively small numbers to exploit the region; particularly noteworthy in the case of the British colonies in North America.
Siberia
yasak
Qing dynasty empire
Mughal empire
Akbar
Aurangzeb
Ottoman empire
Constantinople, 1453
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