Ch 20 Margin Qs

Ch 20 Margin Qs

What aspects of Europe’s nineteenth-century history contributed to the First World War?
competing states, Franco-Prussian War, defeat of Napoleon, Germany looking for new place in Europe, European alliances
In what ways did World War I mark new departures in the history of the twentieth century?
large scale casualties, new map at end of war, went on longer than expected
In what ways was the Great Depression a global phenomenon?
caused political collapse of Europe- economic system failing and spread across Europe, unemployment, rising stock market crashes, US produced too many goods- affected countries getting loans from them
In what ways did fascism challenge the ideas and practices of European liberalism and democracy?
grew rapidly, idea of taking over world grand task for Germany in their system of fascism, bitterly condemned liberalism and democracy, nationalist ideas centered around unity- praised violence against enemies as a renewing force in society
What was distinctive about the German expression of fascism? What was the basis of popular support for the Nazis?
fascist control over Germany much more thorough than Italy, basis of support- idea of nationalized Germany, Germans wanted pride in their country after Treaty of Versailles degraded their standing in Europe
How did Japan’s experience during the 1920s and 1930s resemble that of Germany, and how did it differ?
resemble- joining club of industrializing and empire building states, similar gov’t system with limited parliament
differ- Japan had minimal participation in WWI, Japan moved more towards democracy in 1920s and Westernized culture, Japan had more rights for workers and women
In what ways were the origins of World War II in Asia and Europe similar to each other? How were they different?
similar- dissatisfied powers, started by territorial expansion, JIG new faces of power
differ-Asia began before Europe, Japan was part of Western allies and ended up with Axis
How did World War II differ from World War I?
WWII had new technologies-bombers, get fighters, missiles, and atomic weapons- WWII more destructive, more civilian casualties, more roles of women in factories
How was Europe able to recover from the devastation of war?
loans from US- Europe’s extension of civilization into US, resiliency of industrial society, ability of the major Western European countries to integrate their recovering economies