ch 26- The Collision of Cultures

In World War II, the main American strategy to fight Japan was to
mount two offensive campaigns to attack the Japanese from two directions
In World War II, one of the primary American commanders in the Pacific was
Chester Nimitz
The Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942
marked the first important victory by the United States against Japan
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ch 26- The Collision of Cultures
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The Battle of Midway in 1942
All the answers are correct
A. saw the United States suffer great losses.
B. was a stunning defeat for the Japanese navy.
C. lasted four days.
After 1943, the United States advanced on Japan primarily with the aid of forces from
Australia and New Zealand
During World War II, the United States Army chief of staff was
George Marshall
In 1943, the country that pressed for an immediate Allied invasion of France against Germany was
the Soviet Union
In 1942-1943, the British and American war effort against the Nazis concentrated on
fighting in North Africa
In 1942, the North African campaign against the Nazis saw
the Americans successfully regroup from a defeat at Kasserine Pass
In 1943, at the Casablanca Conference, the Allies decided they would next invade
Sicily
During World War II, the first Axis country to be defeated was
Italy
The Allied decisions that delayed an invasion of France
All the answers are correct
A. left the Soviet Union deeply embittered.
B. put the Soviet Union in a better position to control eastern Europe.
C. occurred after the Soviet Union had won a significant victory in Stalingrad.
The United States government acquired definite knowledge of the Holocaust
during the first years after U.S. involvement
During World War II, Allied bombers targeted
None of the answers are correct
A. the crematoria at Auschwitz.
B. the railroad lines leading to Auschwitz.
C. the guard towers and Nazi bunkers at Auschwitz.
In regards to European Jewish refugees, between 1939 and 1945, the United States
refused to accept large numbers of refugees
Between 1939 and 1945, the federal budget of the United States
rose ten-fold
During World War II, the regional impact of government spending was the greatest in the
West
During World War II, the labor force of the United States
saw fifteen million people leave civilian labor for the armed forces
During World War II, organized labor in the United States
won automatic union memberships for new defense plant workers
Throughout World War II, in organized American labor
“wildcat” strikes were quite common
The Smith-Connally Act of 1943
All the answers are correct
A. was opposed by President Franklin Roosevelt.
B. authorized the president to seize a war factory where workers had gone on strike.
C. passed as a result of actions taken by the United Mine Workers.
Over the course of World War II, inflation in the United States
was much less serious a problem than during World War I
In 1943, to simplify tax collections, Congress enacted
automatic payroll deductions
During World War II, the War Production Board
favored large over small contractors
During World War II, the National Defense Research Committee
was headed by a scientist who was a pioneer in the development of the computer
During World War II, the effectiveness of German U-boats and underwater mines was ended by the development of
All the answers are correct
A. acoustic countermeasures.
B. sonar.
C. centrimetric radar.
During World War II, Germany held the technological edge over the Allies in
rocket-propelled bombs
During World War II, the Allied development of the Gee navigation system
used electronic pulses to plot course location
During World War II, all of the following were Allied advances in intelligence-gathering EXCEPT the
creation of the Enigma machine for coded communications
During World War II, the Fair Employment Practices Commission was created
by President Roosevelt to stop black protesters from marching on the capital
During World War II, the United States military
began to relax its practices of racial segregation
During World War II, American Indians
saw the war effort undermine efforts to revitalize tribal traditions
In 1942, the United States and Mexico agreed to the braceros program which
admitted Mexican contract laborers into the United States for a limited time
In 1943, the “zoot-suit riots” in Los Angeles
led the city to prohibit the wearing of zoot suit
In 1942, when the United States interned Japanese Americans in “relocation centers,”
there was no evidence that the Japanese Americans were a domestic security risk
All of the following statements regarding the internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II are true EXCEPT
the United States government has never admitted wrongdoing
During World War II, Chinese Americans
All the answers are correct
A. were drafted in a higher proportion than any other national group.
B. received a favorable image in U.S. government propaganda.
C. saw the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Acts.
During World War II, American women who worked outside the home
tended to be older than women who worked in the past
During World War II, in the United States, all of the following social indicators experienced a rise in their rate of occurrence EXCEPT
high school enrollment
During World War II, American shopper
All the answers are correct
A. faced many shortages of consumer goods.
B. made consumerism a powerful force in society.
C. had more money to spend than they had the decade before.
In the 1940s, swing music
was a new form of jazz
During World War II, the United States military services
tolerated illicit heterosexual relationships
During World War II, Congress abolished the
CCC and WPA
A significant issue in the 1944 election was
the domestic economy
In the 1944 elections,
Democrats increased their control of the House
All of the following statements regarding the Allied invasion of France in June 1944 are true EXCEPT
the landing was made across the narrowest part of the English Channe
In August 1944, the Allies liberated from German occupation the city of
Paris
In February 1945, an Allied bombing attack on Dresden, Germany
All the answers are correct
A. destroyed 75% of the previously undamaged city.
B. killed approximately 135,000 people.
C. resulted in mostly civilian casualties.
The Battle of the Bulge
was the last major battle on the western front
In April 1945, American and British forces halted their advance on Germany at the Elbe River
to wait for the Russian army to arrive
In February 1944, American naval forces won a series of victories in the Marshall Islands under the command of
Chester Nimitz
The 1944 Battle of Leyte Gulf
was the largest naval engagement in history
The costliest battle in the history of the United States Marines Corps was
the Battle of Iwo Jima
In mid-1945, evidence of Japan’s desperation to continue the war included
All the answers are correct
A. sending thousands of pilots on suicide missions.
B. nighttime attacks by Japanese troops against American lines.
C. the loss of over 100,000 Japanese lives at Okinawa
In 1939, the first steps toward the creation of an atomic bomb were taken by
Nazi Germany
All of the following statements regarding the Allied development of an atomic bomb during World War II are true EXCEPT
Albert Einstein was in charge of the program
In 1945, the first atomic explosion in history took place in
Alamogordo, New Mexico
Prior to ordering the use of an atomic bomb against Japan, President Harry Truman
issued an ultimatum to Japan to surrender or face utter devastation
In August 1945, the primary reason the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on Japan was because
the Japanese did not immediately surrender after the first bomb was dropped
In 1945, the Japanese surrender to the United States
All the answers are correct
A. was announced a few days after a second atomic bomb had been dropped.
B. was formally signed on the American battleship Missouri.
C. occurred on September 2, 1945
Casualties in World War II
All the answers are correct
A. saw fourteen million combatants die.
B. saw more than one million Americans killed or wounded.
C. were relatively light in the United States compared to those of other countries

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