ch. 3 and 7 reading quiz

ch. 3 and 7 reading quiz

In a __________ system, local and regional governments derive authority from the national government.
Unitary
What are the two types of powers given to the national government under the United States Constitution?
Enumerated; implied
Article VI of the U.S. Constitution establishes that federal law is __________ in conflicts between federal and state law.
Supreme
In __________, powers are shared by the federal and state governments.
Cooperative Federalism
Which clause in the Constitution ensures that judicial decrees and contracts made in one state will be binding and enforceable in another?
Full Faith and Credit
In Gibbons v. Ogden, the Supreme Court held that Congress has the power to regulate __________ activity.
Commercial
The Constitution says that states are required to return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state for trial or imprisonment, a practice called __________.
Extradition
The Defense of Marriage Act potentially violates which clause of the Constitution?
Full Faith and Credit
Which type of federalism is characterized by a system of separate but distinct state and national governments?
Dual
One benefit of the federal system is the ability of the states to operate as __________ for new ideas.
Laboratories
What is a mandate?
An order from the federal government requiring the states to take a certain action.
The No Child Left Behind Act is an example of aNo __________.
Unfunded Mandate
The __________ Amendment says that says that those powers not given to the federal government and not prohibited to the states by the Constitution are reserved for the states and the people.
Tenth
What was the first major Supreme Court decision to define the relationship between the federal and state governments?
McCulloch v. Maryland
Which clause of the U.S. Constitution did the Supreme Court interpret in McCulloch v. Maryland?
Necessary and proper
Under the system created by the Framers, the national and state governments share power as defined by the __________.
Constitution
A __________ grant is a large grant to a state by the federal government with only general spending guidelines.
Block
What are states’ powers?
powers not specifically delegated to the national government by the Constitution
Before the ratification of the Constitution, the United States was organized as ___________.
a confederation
What model of federalism began in the 1930s?
Cooperative
Which of the following is an example of fiscal federalism?
grants-in-aid
Of the following, which is a power denied states by the Constitution?
the power to enter into treaties
Which of the following best exemplifies the intentions of the “devolution revolution”?
Welfare Policy
The power of both the state and federal governments to levy taxes is an example of __________ federalism.
Marble Cake
Which of the following is the best definition of federalism?
A constitutional arrangement by which power is distributed between a central government and state governments.
Under current federal law, Ohio would not have to give “full faith and credit” to which of the following?
A same sex marriage from Iowa because same-sex marriage is illegal in Ohio.
Which part of the Constitution contains limitations on state powers?
10th Amendment
What was the dominant form of federalism early in the history of the United States?
Dual
Proponents of the “devolution revolution” argue that:
The authority of state governments should be expanded.
The goal of the privileges and immunities clause is to keep states from discriminating against which of the following?
Citizens of other states