Chapter 1 Advanced Biology I

Chapter 1 Advanced Biology I

D
Information gathered from observing a plant grow 3cm over a two-week period is called
a. inferences.
b. hypotheses.
c. variables.
d. data.
D
Science differs from other disciplines, such as history and the arts, because science relies on
a. facts.
b. observations.
c. theories.
d. testing explanations.
A
Science is best described as a
a. a way of knowing.
b. collection of beliefs.
c. set of facts.
d. list of rules.
B
Who reviews articles for peer-reviewed journals?
a. people who paid for the experiments
b. anonymous and independent experts
c. the scientists who did the experiments
d. friends of the scientists who wrote the articles
C
Using a universal system of measurement is MOST important during which part of scientific methodology?
a. drawing conclusions
b. forming a hypothesis
c. collecting data
d. asking questions
C
Suppose a scientist must choose whether to publish a report in a newspaper or in a peer-reviewed journal. What is a benefit of publishing in the journal?
a. The report will be published more quickly in the journal.
b. Other scientists will know that everything in the report is true.
c. The quality of the report will meet high scientific standards.
d. The reviewers will fix mistakes in the report’s experiment.
D
What does a reviewer do during peer-review?
a. Focus on mistakes in spelling.
b. Repeat the experiments in the article.
c. Change data to support results.
d. Check for mistakes and bias.
B
The process by which organisms keep everything inside their bodies within certain limits is called?
a. evolution.
b. homeostasis.
c. metabolism.
d. photosynthesis.
D
How does studying science help you be a better member of society?
a. Learning the biases of science will help you know what is right or wrong.
b. Memorizing science facts will help you become more intelligent.
c. Knowing science will help you live without the aid of technology.
d. Understanding how science works will help you make better decisions.
D
A well-tested explanation that explains a lot of observations is
a. a hypothesis.
b. an inference.
c. a controlled experiment.
d. a theory.
B
During a controlled experiment, a scientists isolates and tests
a. a mass of information.
b. a single variable.
c. a control group.
d. a conclusion.
D
Which of the following is NOT a goal of science?
a. to investigate and understand the natural world
b. to use derived explanations to make useful predictions
c. to explain events in the natural world
d. to establish a collection of unchanging truths.
C
The work of scientists usually begins with
a. testing a hypothesis.
b. creating experiments.
c. careful observations.
d. drawing conclusions.
D
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all living things?
a. ability to reproduce
b. response to the environment
c. growth and development
d. ability to move
A
A scientific hypothesis
a. can be tested by experiments or observations.
b. can be based on personal beliefs or opinions.
c. does not have to be tested to be accepted as correct.
d. is a proven fact with much evidence to support it.
B
A theory
a. is the opening statement of an experiment.
b. may be revised or replaced.
c. is a problem to be solved.
d. is always true.
D
A student sees a bee on a flower. The student wonders how the bee finds flowers. This student is displaying the scientific attitude of
a. creativity.
b. open-mindedness.
c. skepticism.
d. curiosity.
B
Would a scientist who studies evolution also have to learn about other branches of biology? Why or why not?
a. No; the other branches of biology do not affect evolution.
b. Yes; the different branches of biology are interrelated.
c. No; each branch of biology is separate from the others.
d. Yes; the other branches of biology are more important.