Chapter 1: America Begins
The first inhabitants of the Americas reached the New World by
migrating from Asia across the then existing Alaska-Siberia land bridge.
The densest Indian populations in what would later be the United States were found in
California and the Pacific Northwest.
Which of these Indian cultures is not correctly matched to the geographical area in which it flourished?
Woodlands – the Pacific Northwest and California.
All of the following helped shape Native Americans’ social and cultural development before 1500 except
contact with Asian and African cultures, from which they adopted many practices.
Which of the following tribes was the ancestor of the modern Pueblo Indians?
At the time of Columbus’s first voyage to the New World, about how many Native Americans lived on the continent north of present-day Mexico?
7 million to 10 million
All of these were characteristics of Native American culture before contact with the Eastern Hemisphere except
the belief that property ownership gave the owner perpetual and exclusive control over the land.
part of the mound-building Mississippian culture and grew to a population of 20,000 inhabitants.
Among North American Indians women alone did the farming except for tribes in the
The term Archaic people refers to
native North Americans from about 8000 to 1500 BC.
Which of the following best illustrates the way environmental factors influenced Native American societies?
The demise of the Anasazi culture.
Manitou refers to
the spiritual force that Native Americans believed permeated all nature.
The first full-time agricultural socieities in the East developed
On the floodplains of the Mississippi River and its tributaries.
Which of the following best expresses Native American attitudes toward the land?
We are part of the natural order of things, including the land, and must take care not to upset this natural order.
All of the following flourished in the Southwest except
“Reciprocity” refers to
Native American religious and social values.
The Iroquois League
Was forged after a long period of bloody warfare.
The most important force for social cohesion in Native American societies was
Which of the following areas offered the least favorable conditions for the development of sophisticated Native American cultures?
The Great Basin.
The primary leadership method used by Native Americans was
Which of the following was a feature of Paleo-Indian society?
They dwelled in bands of about fifteen to fifty people; they moved constantly, within informally defined boundaries; they used fluted points on their spears.
Why did the Paleo-Indians spread out and proliferate with amazing speed?
Because of the bountiful and accomodating environment.
Which of the following would be most likely to lead to a settled life-style in permanent villages?
Drying fish and storing them in quantities sufficient to last the year around.
Which statement about agriculture and the development of society is not correct?
Throughout North America, patterns of agriculture and the development of society were generally similar.
Which of the following generalizations about pre-Columbian cultures is true?
All Native Americans were characterized by a preference for independent kin-based communities and certain beliefs and rituals surrounding burial of the dead.
Which of the following best describes patterns of divorce in Native American societies at the time of the first European contacts?
Divorce was generally a simple process because kinship was more important than marriage.
In more Native American societies, warfare
Was conducted more as a pastime than as a way of conquering and subduing enemies.
Features of Native American socities included
A life that was strictly regulated and that had little room for nonconformity.
One of the significant differences between European society and most pre-Columbian Native Americans cultures was that
Native Americans lacked the concept that property ownership conferred perpetual and exclusive control of land.
Based on what historians have learned about Cahokia, what conclusion might you draw about a society in which you found an insufficient food supply, depletion of the forests, military challenges from inside or out, and the collapse of trade?
The society was on the verge of collapse.