Chapter 1 Test

Chapter 1 Test

The concept that describes opening a window into unfamiliar worlds that allows us to understand human behavior b placing it within its broader social context is called….
A.) The sociological perspective
Which of the following elements did C .Wright Mills attribute as being the one that sociologists would use to explain individual behavior?
C.) external influence
When sociologists’ group people into categories based on their age, gender, educational level, job, and income, there are trying to determine…
B.) Social location
The sociological perspective emphasized how the social context influences people’s lives, particularly how people are influenced by….
D.) society
The sociologist responsible for suggesting the connection betwee history and biography to explain the sociological imagination was…..
C.) C. Wright Mills
Of the following, which discipline is most appropriately classified as a natural science?
A.) Biology
The social science discipline that concentrates on the study of artifacts, social structure, ideas, values, and forms of communication is…
C.) anthropology
The first goal of each scientific discipline is to …
A.) explain why something happens.
The first person to propose that the scientific method could be applied to the study of social life was….
D.) Auguste Comte
What is the use of objectice and systematic observation to test theories, ont that often employed by sociologist….
C.) Scientific Method
What was the social event that most influenced Auguste Comte to explore patterns within society and become interested in what holds society together?
D.) the French Revolution
The nation that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social programs to help the poor will ultimately weaken the socail order is a doctrine known as….
A.) Social Darwinism
The term ” survival of the fittest,” which is a principle part of the concept of social Darwinism, was coined by….
C.) Herbert Spencer
The throrist who is sometimes referred to as ” the second founder of sociology,” was…
B.) Herbert Spencer
Karl Marx suggested that the force that drives human history and is at the coore of human society is ….
A.) class conflict.
The Wall Street Journal has declared tat the three greatest modern thinkers were…
A.) Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein
The social thinker of the 19th century who predicted that there would be a classless society once the working class united and began a revolution was….
D.) Karl Marx
The titles Karl Marx used to decvribe the two classes in society where the……. and the ……
B.) Bourgeoisie, proletariat
The french sociologist Emile Durkheim is most identified with wich of the following areas of study?
A.) Social integration
Max Weber referred to the self-denying approach to life characterized by people living frugal lives and saving their money as the …
C.) Protestant
Karl marx believed that ……. was the central force of social change, while Max Weber believed that …… was the force most responsible for social change.
A.) Economics, religion
According to Max Weber, the Protestant ethic was a central factor in the birth of ……
A.) Capitalism
What quality did Max Weber stress as being the hallmark of social research…
C.) value neutrality
The scientific method requires.. repairing a study in order to compare the new research results with the original findings….
A.) replicaiton
Max Weber used the term ‘Verstehen” to mean..
B.) to grasp by insight.
Durkheim referred to patterns of behavior that characterize a social group as…..
D.) social facts
Sociology first took root as an academic discipline at ……… in 1890
B.) the university of Kansas
The university that dominated sociology as an academic discipline when Albion Small headed the department was…
D.) The university of Chicago
What did Rober E. Park Ernest Burgess, and George Herbert Mead have in common.
A.) They were among the first faculty members in the sociology department at the University of Chigago
What distinction did sociologist Frances Perkins hold in American history?
D.) She was the first woman to hold a presidential cabinet position.
Because of her outstanding contributions to social reform, as demonstrated in her work as a co-founder of Hull-house, ……… was a co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
D.) Jane Addams
The book published by W.E.B. Du Bois in 1899 that analyzed how African Americans in a major united states city coped with racism was
C.) the Philadelphia negro
The first african american to earn a doctorate from Harvard University, who spent his lifetime studying race relations in America and was one of the founders of the NAACP, was…..
A.) W.E.B. Du Bois
More then twenty years prior to the birth of Durkheim and Weber, Society in America, and analysis of American social customs, was published by sociologist…
C.)Harriet Martineau
The american sociologist who focused on social analysis, developing abstract models showing how parts of sociey harmoniously work together, was…….
A.) Talcott parsons
Dr. Zahn’s academic interest is analysing carious aspects of soiety and publishing his findings in sociological journals. In view of this, Dr. Zahn is considered to be a(n)… sociologist
C.) Basic
The sociologist who developed the concept of the power elite was…
A.)C. Wright mills
During his career, Anthony has worked as a juvenile police officer, corrections counselor in a state prison, and executive director of an urban redevelopment program. In view of this, which description best describes Anthony’s career path?
C.) Anthony has been an applied sociologist.
According to symbolic interventionists, the deciding factor that determines if change in society is good or bad requires……
C.) a framework or context from which to view the meaning of the change.
Sociologists who analyze how social life depends on the ways that people define themselves and others are most likely….
D.) symbolic interventionist
Functionalist refer to how pars of society fir together to form a whole as …..
D.) a structure
the two sociologists who referred to society as being a kind of living organism where…… and ……….
C.) Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer.
Mark views society as a system of interrelated pars, while John views society as composed of grops competing for scarce resources. Mark would be considered a(n) .. and john would be seen as a(n) …..
D.) functio0a0list, conflict theorist
According to Robert Merton, ……….. are the intended beneficial consequences of people’s actions.
C.) manifest functions.
College provides as aven for several million potential workers who are classified as “students” rather then “unemployed,” which helps stabilize the job market. This situation represents what Merton would describe as a ……
D.) latent function
The contemporary conflict sociologist who pointed out that conflict is most likely to develop among people in close relationships was….
A.) Lewis Coser
Sue is an expert in interpreters, silence, the use of specs, and expressions people make in the daily interaction. In view of this, how would Sue’s expertise be defined….
D.) Sue is an ecpert in nonverbal interactions.
conflict theorists would content that changes in … ecplain the high divorve reates in the United State.
C.) the male-female power relationship.
Which groups of social theorists would focus most on macro-level analysis when examining patterns of society.
C.) conflict theorists and structural functionalists.
Cindy is interested in how the movement of Maytag production plants and other industries form the Midwest to Mexico has changed there lives of thousands of unemployed workers and the communities. Cindy is conducting a ………. analysis.
A.) macro-level