Chapter 1 The Science of Biology

Which of the following is NOT a goal of science?
To use derived explanations to make useful predictions
Science differs from other disciplines, such as history and the arts because science relies on…
testing explanations
Scientists will never know for sure why dinosaurs became extinct. Therefore, scientists should
continue to learn as much as they can about dinosaur extinction
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Science is best described as a
way of knowing
The work of scientists usually begins with
creating experiments
Information gathered from observing a plant grow 3 cm over a two-week period is called
data
Based on your observations, you suggest that the presence of water could accelerate the growth of bread mold. This is
a hypothesis
A scientific hypotheses
can be tested by experiments or observations
During a controlled experiment, a scientist isolates and tests
a control group
A student sees a bee on a flower. The student wonders how the bee finds flowers. This student is displaying the scientific attitude of
curosity
Suppose that a scientist proposes a hypothesis about how a newly discovered virus affects humans. Other virus reseachers would likely
design new experiments to test the proposed hypothesis
Why is creativity considered a scientific attitude?
creativity helps scientists cone up with different expierments
Who reviews articles for peer-reviewed journals?
anonymous and independent experts
A theory
is a problem to be solved
How do scientific theories compare to hypotheses?
theories unify a broad range of observations and hypotheses
A well-tested explanation that explains a lot of observations is
a theory
Which of the following is not a characteristic of all living things?
ability to move
What are the smallest objects that biologists study?
organisms

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