Chapter 11 World History

Chapter 11 World History

Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Racism
Belief that one racial group is superior to another
Social Darwinism
19th century of belief that evolutionary ideas theorized by Charles Darwin could be applied to society.
Berlin conference
(1884-1885) During European Imperialism, various European leaders met in Berlin, Germany to discuss plans for dividing Africa peacefully. These leaders had little regard for African independence, and had no representation for native Africans. This began the process of imperializing Africa.
Shaka
A Zulu chief in Southern Africa who used soldiers and good military organization to create a large centralized state
Boer
Lasting from 1899 to 1902, Dutch colonists and the British competed for control of territory in South Africa.
Great Trek
A migration of Dutch colonists out of British-controlled territory in South Africa during the 1830s.
Boer War
(1899-1902) War between Great Britain and the Boers in South Africa.
Paternalism
the policy or practice of treating or governing people in the manner of a father dealing with his children
assimilation
the process by which new ideas and experiences are absorbed and incorporated into existing mental structures and behaviors
Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia after 1889; he gained Ethiopian independence from Italy in 1896.
Geopolitics
An interest in or taking of land for its strategic location or products
Crimean War
Conflict between the Russian and Ottoman Empires fought primarily in the Crimean Peninsula. To prevent Russian expansion, Britain and France sent troops to support the Ottomans.
Suez Canal
A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Pacific Rim
an economic and social region including the country’s surrounding the pacific ocean
King Mongkut
King’s of Thailand(Siam) Avoided Imperialism by educating in Western style and being friendly with Europeons
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo was a Filipino leader who fought first against Spain and then against the United States. He was a leader in the fight for Filipino independence.
annexation
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.
Queen Liliuokalami
last hawaiian queen that was overthrown by americans; believed in native hawaiian rule
sepoy
Indian soldiers
jewel in the crown
Name given to India, because it was the most valuable of all British colonies
sepoy mutiny
(1857) Hindus and Muslim sepoys refused to open cartridges that came in paper waxed with animal fat for religious reasons; killed British officers, and proclaimed restoration of the Mughal authority; had different interests, and were crushed by the British
raj
British dominion over India (1757-1947)