Chapter 13 AP World History Vocabulary
Military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in military government and samurai.
Japanese aristocratic family in mid-9th century; exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs; aided in decline of imperial power.
An ancient ritual for preparing and serving and drinking tea, practiced by the Samurai to enhance concentration and self- control.
The first of Japan’s decentralized military governments. (1185-1333).
Son of Heaven
Title of the ruler of China, first known from the Zhou dynasty. It acknowledges the ruler’s position as intermediary between heaven and earth.
Rival Vietnamese dynasty that arose in southern Vietnam to challenge traditional dynasty of Trinh in north at Hanoi; kingdom centered on Red and Mekong rivers; capital at Hue.
The longest ruling Vietnamese dynasty. Drawing on Confucian principles, its rulers increased the size and strength of the Vietnamese state and promoted agricultural productivity.
Capital of Korea in the Medieval Era modeled after the Chinese capital of Chang’an.
Independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chinese Tang allies in 7th century.
Leaders of one of the frequent peasant rebellions in Vietnam against Chinese rule; revolt broke out in 39 c.e.; demonstrates importance of Vietnamese women in indigenous society.
Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
Tale of Genji
Story of Prince Genji and his lovers, written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu at end of 11th century, world’s first full novel.
Monasteries where monks practiced Zen Buddhism.
Military leaders of Japan during its feudal era and the actual powers behind the emperor until the Meiji restoration. Leaders of the Bakufu.
Early propagator of Pure Land. Was a dancing monk and entertainer; went around singing and dancing. Wore bells, drums, taught ecstatic worship, appealed to the masses.
Ho Xuan Huong
One of the most famous of Vietnamese women who wrote poetry, and flouts Confucian decorum and mocks her male suitors.
War between rival heirs of Ashikaga Shogunate; fought between 1467 and 1477; led to warfare between rival headquarters and Kyoto and destruction of old capital.
Tribal people of northern Korea; established an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula; adopted cultural Sinification.
Dynasty that ruled in north Vietnam at Hanoi, 1533 to 1772; rivals of Nguyen family in South.
The Vietnamese people, called “southern barbarians” by the Chinese.
Korean kingdom founded in 918 and destroyed by a Mongol invasion in 1259.
Feudal Japanese military aristocracy; big importance on loyalty, honesty.
Capital city of Japan under the Yamato emperors, later called Kyoto; built in order to escape influence of Buddhist monks; patterned after ancient imperial centers of China; never fully populated.
Regional warrior leaders in Japan; ruled small kingdoms from fortresses; administered the law, supervised public works projects, and collected revenues; built up private armies.
Defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei Wars and established military government (bakufu) in 12th century Japan.
Capital of Vietnam after reunification; capital of independent North Vietnam during the war.
A Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai.
Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; moved into Mekong River delta region at time of Vietnamese drive to the south.
Extensive adaptation of Chinese culture in other regions; typical of Korea and Japan, less typical of Vietnam.
Japan’s first true city; it was established in 710 north of modern Osaka.
A system in which defeated peoples were forced to pay a tax in the form of goods and labor. This forced transfer of food, cloth, and other goods subsidized the development of large cities.
Ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan; commonly known in West as hara-kiri; demonstrated courage and a means to restore family honor.
Leader of the Minamoto clan and became the supreme military leader of Japan when he defeated the only remaining powerful clan; was granted the title of shogun; created a warrior state ruled by military.
Started the heian period. Kicked Buddhists out of the city. Stopped Taika reforms.
Zen Buddhist temple (in Kyoto), design of garden consists of islands of volcanic rock set amidst white pebbles.
One the Shinto deities (including mythological beings, spirits of distinguished men, forces of nature.
Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south.
Independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese Tang allies; submitted as a vassal of the Tang emperor and agreed to tribute payment; ruled united Korea by 668.
Refers to China because the people believed that their land stood between heaven and earth.
Religion located in Japan and related to Buddhism. Shintoism focuses particularly on nature and ancestor worship.
Korean dynasty that succeeded Koryo dynasty following period of Mongol invasions; established in 1392; ruled Korea to 1910; restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence.
Waged for five years from 1180 on Honshu between the Taira and Minamoto families; ended in destruction of Taira.
Rule in Japan before Minamoto. First Shogunate.`
In 1185, he wins a decisive naval battle at Dannoura and defeats the Taira.