Chapter 13 World History Vocabulary

Chapter 13 World History Vocabulary

Middle Ages
the era in European history that followed the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500 to 1500-also called the medieval period
Franks
a member of a group of Germanic people in the regions of the Rhine that gave origin to the name France
Carolingian Dynasty
a reign of Frankish rulers from 751-987
Charlemagne (Charles the Great)
built an empire in Europe greater than any known since ancient Rome from 771-814
Treaty of Verdun
treaty that divided Charlemagne’s empire into three kingdoms led by the three sons of Louis the Pouis; Lothair, Charles the Bald, and Louis the German
Friars
men who preached to the poor throughout Europe’s towns and cities in the 1200’s living by begging and owning nothing
Monks
men who gave up their posessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer, worship, and serve as a servant of God
Monasteries
a religious community of men who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship
Feudalism
a political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands thata legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live in the land
Lord
in feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals
Fief
land granted to a vassal by a lord
Vassals
in feudal Europe, a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services
Serf
people who provided services to a lord. They were bound to the land, but were not slaves
Peasants
people who were farmers or laborers of low social rank
Tithe
a church tax peasant families were required to pay to the village priest
Page
a boy 7-13 years of age who would be sent off to a castle of a lord where he waited on hosts and learned courtly manners
Squire
a boy 14-20 years of age who acted as a servant to a knight. He took care of his knight’s armor, weapon, and horse
knight
in medievel Europe, an armored warrior who fought on horseback
castle
a fortified walled residence of a prince or noble in feudal times
chivalry
a code of behavior for knights in medievel Europe, stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion
manor
a lord’s estate in feudal Europe
vikings (norsemen)
traders and warriors from Scandinavia who traveled long distances on their long boats from 8th century to the 11th century
Erik the Red
father of Leif Ericson; so called because of his red hair and beard, was the founder of the first settlement in Greenland in 982
Leif Ericson
was a Norse explorer, and the first European to have discovered North America during the 11th century